Auditory training improves neural timing in the human brainstem

@article{Russo2005AuditoryTI,
  title={Auditory training improves neural timing in the human brainstem},
  author={Nicole M. Russo and Trent G. Nicol and Steven G. Zecker and Erin Hayes and Nina Kraus},
  journal={Behavioural Brain Research},
  year={2005},
  volume={156},
  pages={95-103}
}
Training to improve hearing speech in noise: biological mechanisms.
TLDR
It is provided the first demonstration that short-term training can improve the neural representation of cues important for speech-in-noise perception and the biological mechanisms mediating these improvements implicate and delineate biological mechanisms contributing to learning success.
Plasticity in the Adult Human Auditory Brainstem following Short-term Linguistic Training
TLDR
Increased accuracy in pitch tracking after training is found, including a decrease in the number of pitch-tracking errors and a refinement in the energy devoted to encoding pitch, as native English-speaking adults learn to incorporate foreign speech sounds in word identification.
Clinical correlations and utility of the auditory brainstem response Auditory brainstem function has been linked to language impairment
TLDR
Because it is both passively elicited and malleable, the speech-evoked brainstem response may serve as a clinical tool to assess auditory processing as well as the effects of auditory training in the ASD population.
Clinical correlations and utility of the auditory brainstem response Auditory brainstem function has been linked to language impairment
TLDR
Because it is both passively elicited and malleable, the speech-evoked brainstem response may serve as a clinical tool to assess auditory processing as well as the effects of auditory training in the ASD population.
Short-Term Learning and Memory: Training and Perceptual Learning
The frequency-following response (FFR) is a sustained auditory-evoked potential that reflects the phase locking of neurons in the auditory brainstem to periodicities in the waveform of a sound.
Human Brainstem Exhibits higher Sensitivity and Specificity than Auditory-Related Cortex to Short-Term Phonetic Discrimination Learning
TLDR
Brainstem signal change correlated with the behavioral improvement during training, this result indicating a close relationship between behavior and underlying brainstem physiology, and results point to specific short-term brainstem changes that precede functional alterations in the auditory cortex.
Neural Correlates of Perceptual Learning in the Auditory Brainstem: Efferent Activity Predicts and Reflects Improvement at a Speech-in-Noise Discrimination Task
TLDR
The findings suggest an MOCB-mediated listening strategy that facilitates speech-in-noise perception that is flexible and susceptible to training, presumably because of task-related adaptation of descending control from the cortex.
Correlation between brainstem and cortical auditory processes in normal and language-impaired children.
TLDR
A relatively normal relationship between brainstem and cortical auditory processing in most LP children, as well as the exceptions to this relationship reflected by a smaller portion ofLP children, may delineate different subclasses of auditory-language-based learning problems.
Neural Timing Is Linked to Speech Perception in Noise
TLDR
It is demonstrated that neural timing is disrupted by background noise and that greater disruptions are associated with the inability to perceive speech in challenging listening conditions.
Developmental Plasticity in the Human Auditory Brainstem
TLDR
It is suggested that the human auditory system exhibits developmental plasticity, in both frequency and time domains, for sounds that are composed of acoustic elements relevant to speech.
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