Auditory perception of radio‐frequency electromagnetic fields

@article{Chou1982AuditoryPO,
  title={Auditory perception of radio‐frequency electromagnetic fields},
  author={C. Chou and A. Guy and R. Galambo{\vs}},
  journal={Journal of the Acoustical Society of America},
  year={1982},
  volume={71},
  pages={1321-1334}
}
Absorption of pulsed microwave energy can produce an auditory sensation in human beings with normal hearing. The phenomenon manifests itself as a clicking, buzzing, or hissing sound depending on the modulatory characteristics of the microwaves. While the energy absorbed (∠10 μJ/g) and the resulting increment of temperature (∠10−6 °C) per pulse at the threshold of perception are small, most investigators of the phenomenon believe that it is caused by thermoelastic expansion. That is, one hears… Expand
Mechanisms and Physiologic Significance of Microwave Action on the Auditory System
Studies conducted by the authors and their coworkers on the mechanisms and physiologic significance of radiofrequency hearing effects are reviewed. Results of these studies demonstrate that 1)Expand
HUMAN AUDITORY PERCEPTION OF PULSED RADIOFREQUENCY ENERGY
Human auditory perception of pulses of radiofrequency (RF) energy is a well-established phenomenon that is dependent upon the energy in a single pulse and not on average power density. RF-inducedExpand
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The science community is governed by the paradigm that we cannot hear radiofrequency. Although microwave is one form of radiofrequency, it has been repeatedly reported that pulse-modulated microwaveExpand
Auditory response to pulsed radiofrequency energy.
TLDR
The hearing of RF induced sounds at exposure levels many orders of magnitude greater than the hearing threshold is considered to be a biological effect without an accompanying health effect, and the thermoelastic expansion theory as the explanation for the RF hearing phenomenon is supported. Expand
Generalized model of the microwave auditory effect.
TLDR
A generalized theoretical model for evaluating the amplitudes of the sound waves generated in a spherical head model, which is irradiated by microwave pulses, is developed and it is found that, for equal average specific absorption rates, the sound intensitygenerated by a surface localized heating pattern is comparable to that generated by a heating pattern that is peaked at the centre. Expand
Auditory unit responses to single-pulse and twin-pulse microwave stimuli
TLDR
The existence of responses from units with characteristic frequencies from 931 Hz to 25.5 kHz is not consistent with a primary role for head resonance in microwave hearing, and it is shown that response amplitude is predictably proportional to pulse energy. Expand
Biological Effects of Microwaves: Thermal and Nonthermal Mechanisms*
For over sixty years, it has been reported that microwave electromagnetic radiation (EMR) had effects on humans which could not be explained by detectible heating of tissue. Auditory responses toExpand
Neurological Effects of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Radiation
TLDR
The reaction of the central nervous system to microwaves may serve as an early indicator of disturbances in regulatory functions of many systems. Expand
Effects of the acute exposure to the electromagnetic field of mobile phones on human auditory brainstem responses
TLDR
Acute exposure to the EMF of mobile phones does not cause perturbations in ABR latencies, and these negative results should not encourage excessive mobile communication. Expand
TRANSMISSION OF MICROWAVE-INDUCED INTRACRANIAL SOUND TO THE INNER EAR IS MOST LIKELY THROUGH CRANIAL AQUEDUCTS
The most frequently cited sequence of events used to explain auditory sensations resulting from microwave pulses, or “microwave hearing”, starts with transduction of microwave energy to sound in theExpand
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