Auditory hallucinations across the lifespan: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  title={Auditory hallucinations across the lifespan: a systematic review and meta-analysis},
  author={Kim Maijer and Marieke J H Begemann and S. J. M. C. Palmen and Stefan Leucht and Iris E. C. Sommer},
  journal={Psychological Medicine},
  pages={879 - 888}
Background Auditory Hallucinations (AH) are nowadays regarded as symptoms following a continuum; from a (transient) phenomenon in healthy individuals on one end to a symptom of (psychiatric) illnesses at the other. An accumulating number of epidemiological studies focused on the prevalence of AH in the general population, but results vary widely. The current meta-analysis aims to synthesize existing evidence on lifetime prevalence of AH across the lifespan. Methods We conducted a quantitative… 

Hallucinations in the general population across the adult lifespan: prevalence and psychopathologic significance

Background Community studies have found a relatively high prevalence of hallucinations, which are associated with a range of (psychotic and non-psychotic) mental disorders, as well as with suicidal

Auditory Verbal Hallucinations in Borderline Personality Disorder and the Efficacy of Antipsychotics: A Systematic Review

Findings indicate that AVH experienced in the context of BPD are in need of proper diagnosis and treatment, and that antipsychotics tend to be beneficial in treating these (and other psychotic) symptoms.

Evidence for an interrelated cluster of Hallucinatory experiences in the general population: an incidence study

Hallucinations across different modalities are a clinically relevant feature of non-psychotic disorders and need to be studied in relation to each other and in relationto delusional ideation, as all appear to have a common underlying mechanism.

Occurrence and phenomenology of hallucinations in the general population: A large online survey

A wide variety of the phenomenology of hallucinations in the general population is investigated and support the existence of a phenomenological continuum.

The Prevalence of Psychotic Experiences in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Autistic Traits: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Several reports have highlighted an association between psychotic experiences (PEs) and autism spectrum disorder/autistic traits; however, no systematic review of the evidence has been done. We

Childhood and adolescent psychotic experiences and risk of mental disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis

A meta-analysis confirms that PEs are prevalent in childhood and adolescent community samples and are associated with a variety of mental disorders beyond psychotic disorders.

Cognitive and phenomenological characteristics of hallucination-proneness across the lifespan

Age differences in hallucination-proneness are evident on self-report and cognitive measures and Implications are discussed for potentially non-overlapping cognitive mechanisms underlying hallucination -proneness in non-clinical groups.

The Etiology of Auditory Hallucinations in Schizophrenia: From Multidimensional Levels

Main findings include gene polymorphisms, glutamate level change, electroencephalographic alterations, and abnormalities of white matter fasciculi, cortical structure, and cerebral activities, especially in multiple regions, including auditory and language networks.

Fragmented sleep relates to hallucinations across perceptual modalities in the general population

This study investigates sleep quality and its relation to prevalence, type, content, and phenomenology of hallucinations, using an online survey in a large population sample to confirm previous studies in showing that poor sleep is associated with the occurrence of hallucinations and extend previous results on a number of aspects.



Prevalence of auditory hallucinations in Norwegian adolescents: Results from a population-based study

The prevalence of AVH in a population-based sample of 16–19 years old Norwegian adolescents using two items assessing AVH is in line with earlier reports in smaller samples of adolescents and indicates that AVH are not uncommon in this period of life.

Psychotic Experiences in the General Population: A Cross-National Analysis Based on 31,261 Respondents From 18 Countries.

The epidemiologic features of PEs are more nuanced than previously thought and research is needed that focuses on similarities and differences in the predictors of the onset, course, and consequences of distinct PEs.

A comprehensive review of auditory verbal hallucinations: lifetime prevalence, correlates and mechanisms in healthy and clinical individuals

This review will examine the presentation of auditory hallucinations across the life span, as well as in various clinical groups, including childhood, adolescence, adult non-clinical populations, hypnagogic/hypnopompic experiences, high schizotypal traits, schizophrenia, substance induced AVH, AVH in epilepsy, and AVh in the elderly.

Distribution of hallucinations in the population

  • A. Tien
  • Psychology
    Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
  • 2004
There were substantial gender differences, and the effect of aging to increase the incidence of hatlucinations was the most consistent and prominent.

The prevalence of voice-hearers in the general population: A literature review

The findings support the current movement away from pathological models of unusual experiences and towards understanding voice-hearing as occurring on a continuum in the general population, and having meaning in relation to the voice- hearer's life experiences.

Prevalence of auditory verbal hallucinations in a general population: A group comparison study

The prevalence of AVH was found to be relatively high, and the results revealed higher levels of reduced mental health for individuals who sought professional help, followed by those who did not, compared with those who had never experienced AVH.

From Phenomenology to Neurophysiological Understanding of Hallucinations in Children and Adolescents

An update of associated epidemiological and phenomenological factors, cognitive models, and neurophysiological findings concerning hallucinations in children and adolescents, considered in relation to the psychosis continuum hypothesis is provided.

How do auditory verbal hallucinations in patients differ from those in non-patients?

  • F. Larøi
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Front. Hum. Neurosci.
  • 2012
Two issues stand out that need to be addressed, namely, the highly negative emotional content of AVHs in patients and the early onset of AVhs in non-patients populations.