Auditory defence in the peacock butterfly (Inachis io) against mice (Apodemus flavicollis and A. sylvaticus)

@article{Olofsson2011AuditoryDI,
  title={Auditory defence in the peacock butterfly (Inachis io) against mice (Apodemus flavicollis and A. sylvaticus)},
  author={Martin Olofsson and Sven Jakobsson and Christer Wiklund},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  year={2011},
  volume={66},
  pages={209-215}
}
Morphological and behavioural traits can serve as anti-predator defence either by reducing detection or recognition risks, or by thwarting initiated attacks. The latter defence is secondary and often involves a ‘startle display’ comprising a sudden release of signals targeting more than one sensory modality. A suggested candidate for employing a multimodal defence is the peacock butterfly, Inachis io, which, by wing-flicking suddenly, produces sonic and ultrasonic sounds and displays four large… 
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