Auditory Hallucinations of Hearing Voices in 375 Normal Subjects

@article{Posey1983AuditoryHO,
  title={Auditory Hallucinations of Hearing Voices in 375 Normal Subjects},
  author={Thomas B. Posey and Mary E. Losch},
  journal={Imagination, Cognition and Personality},
  year={1983},
  volume={3},
  pages={113 - 99}
}
Jaynes' elaborate theory of the evolution of human consciousness speculates that unconscious language use by the right hemisphere produced frequent auditory hallucinations in primitive people [1]. Jaynes offers some explanation as to why hearing voices would now be less common. It is parsimonious, however, to predict that hearing voices is still common, although usually unreported, in the modern normal population. Some clinical literature gives support to this prediction. This study tested the… 

Tables from this paper

Auditory hallucinations, top-down processing and language perception: a general population study
TLDR
The presence of verbal AH (AVH) was predictive for false alarm rate in auditory language perception, whereas the presence of non-verbal auditory or visual hallucinations was not, suggesting that enhanced top-down processing does not transfer across modalities.
Hallucinations: The Science of Idiosyncratic Perception
TLDR
This book review the latest research on the cognitive and neural bases of hallucinations and outline their unique neurobiology by drawing on evidence from brain imaging and neurotransmission studies to put forward a comprehensive, multicomponent model of hallucinations.
Selective auditory attention and silence elicit auditory hallucination in a nonclinical sample
TLDR
Auditory hallucinations may occur in a nonclinical population in a silent environment under different attention demands and concomitant auditory attention increases both the quantity and the quality of those perceptions.
Auditory Hallucinations: Psychotic Symptom or Dissociative Experience?
TLDR
It is argued that hearing voices should be considered a dissociative experience, which under some conditions may have pathological consequences.
Hearing Voices: The Histories, Causes and Meanings of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations
The meanings and causes of hearing voices that others cannot hear (auditory verbal hallucinations, in psychiatric parlance) have been debated for thousands of years. Voice-hearing has been both
Verbal hallucinations in normals, I: People who hear ‘voices’
Two studies are reported that describe the phenomena of verbal hallucinations in the general population and test two explanations of those reports. Subjects were 198 male and 387 female college
Auditory Hallucinations: An Audiological Horizon?
TLDR
Neurobiological and audiological evidence is accumulating on patients with schizophrenia and AH potentially rendering it as both an auditory and psychiatric disorder.
Listening to the Voices People Hear: Auditory Hallucinations Beyond a Diagnostic Framework
TLDR
Evidence is examined for understanding voice hearing as a psychological response to environmental stressors, and the implications of this for clinical practice.
Auditory hallucinations, source monitoring, and the belief that "voices" are real.
TLDR
This study of 41 acute inpatients is a first attempt to apply the SMF to autobiographical reports of auditory hallucinations in a clinical setting and results suggest that similarities between "voices" and real speakers may offer a partial explanation of why patients believe the voices are real.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-8 OF 8 REFERENCES
Benign auditory and visual hallucinations.
  • G. Forrer
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Archives of general psychiatry
  • 1960
TLDR
It is my opinion and experience that hallucinatory phenomena are quite common in the sane, whether healthy or psychoneurotic, and one cannot fail to be impressed with the relationship of hallucination in the "normal" and concomitant circumstances of stress.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF HALLUCINATIONS.
TLDR
This work has shown that standard interviews done on relatives of indigent psychiatric patients and on unselected medical students too have shown an evidence of hallucinations of schizophrenia.
The psychology of consciousness.
  • S. C. Chang
  • Psychology
    American journal of psychotherapy
  • 1978
TLDR
Study of meditation is a viable approach to the exploration of both meanings of consciousness, which aims at a "cleansing" of the mind to reach a content-free and conflict-free state--pure consciousness.
The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind
Book I The Mind of Man 1. The Consciousness of Consciousness 2. Consciousness 3. The Mind of Iliad 4. The Bicameral Mind 5.The Double Brain 6. The Origin of Civilization. Book II The Witness of
IMAGINATION AND THINKING
App1eton-Century-Crofts
  • Image Formation and Cognition
  • 1978