Audiovisual speech perception in Williams syndrome

@article{Bohning2002AudiovisualSP,
  title={Audiovisual speech perception in Williams syndrome},
  author={M. Bohning and Ruth Campbell and Annette Karmiloff-Smith},
  journal={Neuropsychologia},
  year={2002},
  volume={40},
  pages={1396-1406}
}
People with the genetic disorder of Williams syndrome (WS) show an anomalous cognitive profile, wherein some purely verbal and social communicative abilities are relatively proficient, while visuo-spatial skills can be extremely impaired. Face processing, while apparently relatively spared among visuo-spatial skills, can show deficits suggesting developmental immaturity. In this context, the exploration of visual and audiovisual speech perception in WS is of interest. A new test based on tokens… Expand
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TLDR
While the TD children discriminated between matching and mismatching AV stimuli, none of the other groups did, hinting at a basic deficit or delay in AV speech processing, which is likely to constrain subsequent language development. Expand
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TLDR
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Individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) have been characterised as hypersociable, showing an extreme compulsion to engage in communication with other people, whilst the opposite has been citedExpand
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  • Development and Psychopathology
  • 2007
TLDR
There is, in fact, little evidence that syntax, morphology, phonology, or pragmatics are any better than predicted by nonverbal ability, although performance on receptive vocabulary tests is relatively good. Expand
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The results suggest that emotionally evocative music facilitated the ability of participants with WS to process emotional facial expressions, and these surprisingly strong facial-processing skills in individuals with WS may have been due to the effects of combining social and music stimuli and to a reduction in anxiety due toThe music in particular. Expand
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TLDR
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Modality effect on contextual integration in people with Williams syndrome.
  • Ching-fen Hsu
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Research in developmental disabilities
  • 2014
TLDR
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TLDR
Audiovisual integration was measured using the McGurk effect in children with ASD aged 7–16 years and typically developing children (control group) matched approximately for age, sex, nonverbal ability and verbal ability. Expand
Forty Years After Hearing Lips and Seeing Voices: the McGurk Effect Revisited.
TLDR
It is believed that, without a richer understanding of the mechanisms involved in the processing of the McGurk effect, experimenters should be really cautious when generalizing data generated by McGurK stimuli to matching audiovisual speech events. Expand
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