Attractiveness of Facial Averageness and Symmetry in Non-Western Cultures: In Search of Biologically Based Standards of Beauty

@article{Rhodes2001AttractivenessOF,
  title={Attractiveness of Facial Averageness and Symmetry in Non-Western Cultures: In Search of Biologically Based Standards of Beauty},
  author={Gillian Rhodes and Sakiko Yoshikawa and Alison Clark and Kieran Lee and Ryan McKay and Shigeru Akamatsu},
  journal={Perception},
  year={2001},
  volume={30},
  pages={611 - 625}
}
Averageness and symmetry are attractive in Western faces and are good candidates for biologically based standards of beauty. A hallmark of such standards is that they are shared across cultures. We examined whether facial averageness and symmetry are attractive in non-Western cultures. Increasing the averageness of individual faces, by warping those faces towards an averaged composite of the same race and sex, increased the attractiveness of both Chinese (experiment 1) and Japanese (experiment… 

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