Attraction of the tick Ixodes neitzi to twigs marked by the klipspringer antelope

  title={Attraction of the tick Ixodes neitzi to twigs marked by the klipspringer antelope},
  author={Yigal Rechav and R. A. I. Norval and James Tannock and J. Colborne},
THE klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus), a small African antelope which lives in specific rocky outcrops, secretes a dark pungent resin-like substance from the ante-orbital glands which is utilised as a means of intraspecies communication1. Marking is carried out by rubbing the ante-orbital glands on a substrate such as the twigs of shrubs on which the secretion is deposited. We have now observed that the adults of the tick Ixodes (Afrixodes) neitzi2 aggregate on twigs which have been… 
Ixodes (Afrixodes) matopi n. sp. (Acarina: Ixodidae): a tick found aggregating on pre-orbital gland scent marks of the klipspringer in Zimbabwe.
Ixodes (Afrixodes) matopi n. sp. is described from females and males collected off twigs bearing deposits of intraspecific communication marks secreted by the pre-orbital glands of the klipspringer
Ecological studies on Ixodes (Afrixodes) matopi Spickett, Keirans, Norval & Clifford, 1980 (Acarina: Ixodidae).
Ixodes (Afrixodes) matopi occurs in association with the klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragu) in rocky areas in Zimbabwe and Larvae are evident in greatest numbers in the latter part of the wet season and nymphs in the cool dry season.
The appetence behaviour of two South African paralysis-inducing ixodid ticks
The appetence responses of the ixodid ticksIxodes rubicundus andRhipicephalus punctatus to various stimuli were quantified under laboratory conditions and significantly more older than younger ticks of both species responded to the various stimuli.
Vertical migration of adult Ixodes rubicundus, the Karoo paralysis tick (Acari: Ixodidae)
The results of this study contribute towards an understanding of the epidemiology of Karoo paralysis by investigating the extent of vertical migration of adult ticks, to reach questing positions on grasses, under controlled conditions.
Notes on responses of blacklegged ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) to host urine.
  • J. Carroll
  • Biology
    Journal of medical entomology
  • 1999
Results suggest that under some conditions, urine from 2 principal host species in certain physiological states does not provide kairomonal cues that aid I. scapularis in contacting these host species.
Aggregation in the Tick Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae): Use and Reuse of Questing Vantage Points
The extent of stem reuse by ticks is significantly and positively correlated with the numbers of ticks originally observed on those stems, compatible with the proposition that aggregation of I. ricinus on the ground is pheromone-mediated.
Horizontal and vertical movements of host-seeking Ixodes pacificus (Acari: Ixodidae) nymphs in a hardwood forest.
It is concluded that I. pacificus nymphs use an ambush host-seeking strategy, that they disperse slowly in all biotopes studied; that they usually continue to host-seek in or on whatever substratum they access initially; and that B. burgdorferi-infectedNymphs are as likely to move horizontally as vertically when offered a choice.
Mammalian Exocrine Secretions XI. Constituents of the Preorbital Secretion of Klipspringer, Oreotragus oreotragus
The ketones 3-pentanone, 4-methyl-2-pentanone, 5-methyl-3-hexanone, 4-methyl-3-hexanone, and the esters ethyl propanoate, 2-methylpropyl acetate, ethyl 3-methylbutanoate, and 2-methylpropyl
Horizontal and Vertical Movements of Host-Seeking Ixodes pacificus (Acari: Ixodidae) Nymphs in a Hardwood Forest
The previously unknown dispersal capabilities of this life stage were studied in relation to logs, tree trunks, and adjacent leaf-litter areas in a mixed hardwood forest using mark-release-recapture methods to conclude that I. pacificus nymphs use an ambush host-seeking strategy and disperse slowly in all biotopes studied.


Chemoreceptor organs used in detection of pheromone(s) of the tick Amblyomma hebraeum (Acarina: Ixodidae).
The morphology of the sense organs of male Amblyomma hebraeum Koch, which have been shown to produce assembly pheromone(s), were studied using a scanning electron microscope and showed that olfactory receptors, situated in the sensilla of Haller's organ, detect the presence of the pheromes.
Ixodes (Afrixodes) Neitzi, n. sp. (Acarina: Ixodidae) from the mountain reedbuck in South Africa.
Ixodes (Afrixodes) neitzi n. sp. is described from females and males collected from the mountain reedbuck (Redunca fulvorufula) at Loskop Dam Nature Reserve, Transvaal, Republic of South Africa.
[Ecology and ethology of Ixodes ricinus L. in Switzerland (Ixodoidea: Ixodidae). 5. Demonstration of a sexual pheromone in Ixodes ricinus]
The author shows the existence of a sex pheromone for the first time in a Prostriata, Ixodes ricinus, which is produced by the females and attracts strongly the males.
Aggregation response of nymphs to pheromone(s) produced by males of the tick Amblyomma hebraeum (Koch)
It is shown that males of the hard tick Amblyomma hebraeum (Koch) produce a material which induces aggregation of nymphs suggesting an assembly pheromone(s) (Fig. 1).
Evidence for an assembly pheromone(s) produced by males of the bont tick, Amblyomma hebraeum (Acarina: ixodidae).
Migration and behavior of adult ticks was influenced by the presence of an assembly pheromone released by fed males, and a model which explains this behavior is suggested.
Social organization and ecology of the klipspringer (oreotragus oreotragus) in Ethiopia.
Der Klippspringer wurde in drei Gebieten in Athiopien beobachtet, und die weiblichen Jungen bleiben langer darin, und einige paaren sich mit ihrem Vater.