Attosecond physics at the nanoscale.

  title={Attosecond physics at the nanoscale.},
  author={Marcelo F. Ciappina and Jos{\'e} Antonio P{\'e}rez-Hern{\'a}ndez and Alexandra Landsman and William A. Okell and Sergey Zherebtsov and Benjamin F{\"o}rg and Johannes Sch{\"o}tz and Lennart Seiffert and Thomas Fennel and Tahir Shaaran and T. Zimmermann and Alexis Chac{\'o}n and Roland Guichard and Amelle Za{\"i}r and John W. G. Tisch and Jonathan P Marangos and Tobias Witting and Avi Braun and Stefan A. Maier and Luis Roso and Michael Kr{\"u}ger and Peter Hommelhoff and Matthias F. Kling and Ferenc Krausz and Maciej Lewenstein},
  journal={Reports on progress in physics. Physical Society},
  volume={80 5},
Recently two emerging areas of research, attosecond and nanoscale physics, have started to come together. Attosecond physics deals with phenomena occurring when ultrashort laser pulses, with duration on the femto- and sub-femtosecond time scales, interact with atoms, molecules or solids. The laser-induced electron dynamics occurs natively on a timescale down to a few hundred or even tens of attoseconds (1 attosecond  =  1 as  =  10-18 s), which is comparable with the optical field. For… 
Tunable isolated attosecond X-ray pulses with gigawatt peak power from a free-electron laser
The quantum-mechanical motion of electrons in molecules and solids occurs on the sub-femtosecond timescale. Consequently, the study of ultrafast electronic phenomena requires the generation of laser
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In this work several time-resolved experimental studies on collective electron phenomena are presented. The first set of measurements aims to reveal the dynamics of surface plasmon polaritons (SPP),
Control and tracing of ultrafast electron dynamics in dielectric nanoparticles
This work focusses on the interaction of waveform controlled ultra-short laser pulses with isolated silica nanoparticles. Ultrafast electron dynamics had been studied, including: i) electron
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The field of attosecond nanophysics, combining the research areas of attosecond physics with nanoscale physics, has experienced a considerable rise in recent years both experimentally and
Attosecond single-cycle undulator light: a review.
Simulation of the proposed Soft X-ray Laser at MAX IV (Lund, Sweden) show that a pulse duration of 50-100 as and a pulse energy up to 5 is feasible with the novel methods, and three recently proposed methods of generating attosecond x-ray pulses are reviewed.
Nonadiabatic ponderomotive effects in photoemission from nanotips in intense midinfrared laser fields
Transient near fields around metallic nanotips drive many applications, including the generation of ultrafast electron pulses and their use in electronmicroscopy. We have investigated the electron
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Recent advances in attosecond science in combination with the well-established techniques of nanofabrication have led to the new research field of attosecond nanophysics. One central goal is the
Sub-cycle dynamics in relativistic nanoplasma acceleration
This work identifies a two-step mechanism for the electron acceleration: ejection within a sub-half-optical-cycle into the near-field from the target at >TVm−1 acceleration fields, and subsequent acceleration in vacuum by the intense laser field.
Plasmonic topological quasiparticle on the nanometre and femtosecond scales.
This work creates and image a quasiparticle of topological plasmonic spin texture in a structured silver film, which pertains to cosmological structure creation and topological phase transitions in quantum matter and may transduce quantum information on the nano-femto scale.
The Birth of a Plasmonic Topological Quasiparticle on the Nanofemto Scale.
At interface of the classical and quantum physics Maxwell and Schrodinger equations describe how optical fields drive and control electronic phenomena at THz or PHz frequencies and on ultra-small


Attosecond Physics
  • F. Krausz
  • Physics
    2007 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics - Pacific Rim
  • 2007
Summary form only given. Fundamental processes in atoms, molecules, as well as condensed matter are triggered or mediated by the motion of electrons inside or between atoms. Electronic dynamics on
Attosecond control of electrons emitted from a nanoscale metal tip
The results indicate that the attosecond techniques developed with atoms and molecules can also be used with solids, and foresee subfemtosecond, subnanometre probing of collective electron dynamics in solid-state systems ranging in scale from mesoscopic solids to clusters and to single protruding atoms.
Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter
The ability to obtain direct time-domain access to charge dynamics with attosecond resolution by probing photoelectron emission from single-crystal tungsten is demonstrated and illustrates thatAttosecond metrology constitutes a powerful tool for exploring not only gas-phase systems, but also fundamental electronic processes occurring on the attose Cond timescale in condensed-matter systems and on surfaces.
Ultrafast electron dynamics in phenylalanine initiated by attosecond pulses
The application of isolated attosecond pulses to prompt ionization of the amino acid phenylalanine and the subsequent detection of ultrafast dynamics on a sub–4.5-femtosecond temporal scale, which is shorter than the vibrational response of the molecule.
Attosecond Nanoplasmonic Field Microscope
Nanoplasmonics deals with collective electronic dynamics on the surface of metal nanostructures, which arises as a result of excitations called surface plasmons. This field, which has recently
Attosecond chronoscopy of photoemission
Recent advances in the generation of well characterized sub-femtosecond laser pulses have opened up unpredicted opportunities for the real-time observation of ultrafast electronic dynamics in matter.
Imaging ultrafast molecular dynamics with laser-induced electron diffraction
The method has the sensitivity to measure a 0.1 Å displacement in the oxygen bond length occurring in a time interval of ∼5 fs, which establishes LIED as a promising approach for the imaging of gas-phase molecules with unprecedented spatio-temporal resolution.
Attosecond dynamics of nano-localized fields probed by photoelectron spectroscopy
This work focuses on the interaction of few-cycle laser pulses with nanosystems. Special emphasis is placed on the spatio-temporal evolution of the induced near-fields. Measurements on
Attosecond metrology
The demonstrated experimental tools and techniques open the door to attosecond spectroscopy of bound electrons by using a subfemtosecond soft-X-ray pulse and a few-cycle visible light pulse to trace electronic dynamics with a time resolution of ≤ 150 as.
Temporal broadening of attosecond photoelectron wavepackets from solid surfaces
The response of solids to electromagnetic fields is of crucial importance in many areas of science and technology. Many fundamental questions remain to be answered about the dynamics of the