Attitudes and Beliefs of Sports Medicine Providers to Sickle Cell Trait Screening of Student Athletes

  title={Attitudes and Beliefs of Sports Medicine Providers to Sickle Cell Trait Screening of Student Athletes},
  author={Kruti Acharya and Holly J. Benjamin and Ellen Wright Clayton and Lainie Friedman Ross},
  journal={Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine},
ObjectiveTo describe the attitudes of members of the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) toward the new National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) policy to require all Division I student athletes be screened for sickle cell trait (SCT), have prior evidence of testing, or sign a waiver. DesignCross-sectional survey of members of the AMSSM electronic mailing list was conducted. Descriptive, McNemar, and &khgr;2 statistics were performed. SettingInternet survey… 

Athletes’ Perceptions of National Collegiate Athletic Association–Mandated Sickle Cell Trait Screening: Insight for Academic Institutions and College Health Professionals

Examining race- and gender-related differences in athletes’ perceptions regarding risk of having SCT and concern about loss of playing time found that athletes would have a high level of concern if found to carry the SCT found that African Americans were 9.07 times more likely than Caucasians to perceive risk of Having SCT.

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Athletic staff found the policy valuable, but felt it needs clarity and standardization, and schools varied in provision of genetic counseling, offering the waiver, SCT tests administered, and other aspects.

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College athletes’ perceptions of the SCT and mandated NCAA SCT testing that should be addressed by college health professionals are revealed.

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  • 2014
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  • 2018
Development of exercise guidelines for individuals with sickle cell trait (SCT) and sickle cell anemia (SCA) is hampered by the need to weigh the benefits against risks of exercise in these

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  • Medicine
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  • 2015
The historical background of SCD and SCT has provided lessons about how research should be conducted in the modern era to minimize stigmatization, optimize study conclusions, and inform genetic counseling and policy decisions for SCT.

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The NCAA policy to universally screen Division I athletes is not uniformly supported by pediatricians, who prefer targeted screening based on race/ethnicity and sport in all NCAA divisions.

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  • E. Eichner
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  • 2010
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Death among U.S. Air Force basic trainees, 1956 to 1996.

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Sickle-cell trait as a risk factor for sudden death in physical training.

It is concluded that recruits in basic training with the sickle-cell trait have a substantially increased, age-dependent risk of exercise-related sudden death unexplained by any known preexisting cause.

Heat injury in youth sport

  • S. Marshall
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  • 2009
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Immediate monetary incentives yield higher response rates than promised in this population of nonresponding physicians, and promised incentives yield similarly low response rates regardless of whether an SSN is requested.

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In active populations, heat illness remains a cause of exercise-related injury and death. There is evidence that hyponatremia also occurs, but less often than heat illness. Incidence rates of these