Attitudes and Beliefs of Sports Medicine Providers to Sickle Cell Trait Screening of Student Athletes

@article{Acharya2011AttitudesAB,
  title={Attitudes and Beliefs of Sports Medicine Providers to Sickle Cell Trait Screening of Student Athletes},
  author={Kruti Acharya and H. Benjamin and E. Clayton and L. Ross},
  journal={Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine},
  year={2011},
  volume={21},
  pages={480–485}
}
ObjectiveTo describe the attitudes of members of the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) toward the new National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) policy to require all Division I student athletes be screened for sickle cell trait (SCT), have prior evidence of testing, or sign a waiver. DesignCross-sectional survey of members of the AMSSM electronic mailing list was conducted. Descriptive, McNemar, and &khgr;2 statistics were performed. SettingInternet survey… Expand
Athletes’ Perceptions of National Collegiate Athletic Association–Mandated Sickle Cell Trait Screening: Insight for Academic Institutions and College Health Professionals
TLDR
Examining race- and gender-related differences in athletes’ perceptions regarding risk of having SCT and concern about loss of playing time found that athletes would have a high level of concern if found to carry the SCT found that African Americans were 9.07 times more likely than Caucasians to perceive risk of Having SCT. Expand
Perspectives and Practices of Athletic Trainers and Team Physicians Implementing the 2010 NCAA Sickle Cell Trait Screening Policy
TLDR
Athletic staff found the policy valuable, but felt it needs clarity and standardization, and schools varied in provision of genetic counseling, offering the waiver, SCT tests administered, and other aspects. Expand
Implementation of the NCAA Sickle Cell Trait Screening Policy: A Survey of Athletic Staff and Student-athletes.
TLDR
More education about SCT is needed for student-athletes and athletic staff in order to help make the implementation more successful, and all parties need to be in agreement regarding the importance of knowing which student- athletes have SCT and how that information will be utilized. Expand
Social and Behavioral Implications of National Collegiate Athletic Association Sickle Cell Trait Screening: the Athletes' Perspective
TLDR
College athletes’ perceptions of the SCT and mandated NCAA SCT testing that should be addressed by college health professionals are revealed. Expand
To Screen or Not to Screen: Commentary and Review on Screening Laboratory Tests in Elite Athletes
  • T. Trojian
  • Medicine
  • Current sports medicine reports
  • 2014
TLDR
A review of available screening tests for female athletes for disordered eating and the rationale, or lack thereof, for obtaining screening blood tests in general athletes is reviewed. Expand
Balancing exercise risk and benefits: lessons learned from sickle cell trait and sickle cell anemia.
  • R. Liem
  • Medicine
  • Hematology. American Society of Hematology. Education Program
  • 2018
Development of exercise guidelines for individuals with sickle cell trait (SCT) and sickle cell anemia (SCA) is hampered by the need to weigh the benefits against risks of exercise in theseExpand
Summit on Exercise Collapse Associated with Sickle Cell Trait: Finding the “Way Ahead”
TLDR
Current service policies on SCT screening are reviewed, draft procedural instructions for executing current policy on S CT within the Department of Defense are developed, and draft clinical practice guidelines for management of ECAST are developed. Expand
Neurologic Emergencies in Sports
TLDR
Information and elements essential to neurologic emergencies in sports for the practicing neurologist are provided, although content may be of benefit to readers of varying background and expertise. Expand
Sickle cell trait diagnosis: clinical and social implications.
  • R. Naik, C. Haywood
  • Medicine
  • Hematology. American Society of Hematology. Education Program
  • 2015
TLDR
The historical background of SCD and SCT has provided lessons about how research should be conducted in the modern era to minimize stigmatization, optimize study conclusions, and inform genetic counseling and policy decisions for SCT. Expand
Screening for sickle-cell trait at accession to the United States military.
TLDR
The hemoglobin electrophoresis test is a confirmatory test that quantifies the percentage of HBS and is therefore able to distinguish among the HbS disorders, such as SCT or sicklecell disease. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 16 REFERENCES
Sickle Cell Trait Screening in Athletes: Pediatricians' Attitudes and Concerns
TLDR
The NCAA policy to universally screen Division I athletes is not uniformly supported by pediatricians, who prefer targeted screening based on race/ethnicity and sport in all NCAA divisions. Expand
Screening student athletes for sickle cell trait--a social and clinical experiment.
On April 13, 2010, the legislative council for Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) approved mandatory testing for sickle cell carrier status (sickle cell trait) for allExpand
Sickle Cell Trait in Sports
  • E. Eichner
  • Medicine
  • Current sports medicine reports
  • 2010
TLDR
Research shows how and why, during intense exercise bouts, sickle cells can accumulate and "logjam" blood vessels, causing explosive rhabdomyolysis that can kill, and designed precautions can prevent sickling collapse and enable athletes with SCT to thrive. Expand
Assessing Trends in Practice Demographics of Underrepresented Minority Pediatricians, 1993–2007
TLDR
Over the last 14 years, URM pediatricians were more likely than their non-URM peers to care for minority children and publicly insured or uninsured patients, and these data support ongoing and enhanced efforts to recruit qualified URMs into pediatric careers to meet the growing needs of the expanding minority child population. Expand
Death among U.S. Air Force basic trainees, 1956 to 1996.
TLDR
As a result of improvements in immunizations, changes in hydration and exercise policies, limited access to vehicles, close supervision, the "buddy system," and the institution of the Navy-Air Force Medical Evaluation Test, only a few deaths occurred in any given year. Expand
The National Collegiate Athletic Association
NCAA has asked BWD Sports and Entertainment, LLC to prepare the following insurance considerations for college conference administrators to utilize when purchasing insurance. Please note that thisExpand
Sickle-cell trait as a risk factor for sudden death in physical training.
TLDR
It is concluded that recruits in basic training with the sickle-cell trait have a substantially increased, age-dependent risk of exercise-related sudden death unexplained by any known preexisting cause. Expand
Response rates and response bias for 50 surveys of pediatricians.
TLDR
While response biases favoring women, young physicians, and nonspecialty-fellow members were found across the 52-81 percent response rates examined in this study, the amount of bias was minimal for these factors that could be tested. Expand
Heat injury in youth sport
  • S. Marshall
  • Medicine
  • British Journal of Sports Medicine
  • 2009
TLDR
Experts suggest gradual acclimatisation of youth athletes to hot conditions, reductions in activity in hot and humid conditions, wearing light and light-coloured clothing, careful monitoring of athletes for signs of heat injury to facilitate immediate detection, and education of athletes, care givers, and coaches about heat injury. Expand
Getting physicians to respond: the impact of incentive type and timing on physician survey response rates.
TLDR
Immediate monetary incentives yield higher response rates than promised in this population of nonresponding physicians, and promised incentives yield similarly low response rates regardless of whether an SSN is requested. Expand
...
1
2
...