Background and Purpose: Investigate the causes of induced abortion, women's attitude towards this issue and knowledge about the effects has a high priority on women's health. This study aimed to determine the attitudes of women of reproductive age in relation to fertility status, and overall health and socioeconomic induced abortion is performed. Materials and methods: Analytical descriptive cross-sectional study at Fatima Hospital in Hamadan in 1393 on 450 women in reproductive age and random sampling after obtaining informed consent was conducted. Data using statistical 16SPSS software analyze and P less than 0.05 were considered significant. A questionnaire was used to examine women's attitudes about abortion induction. Findings: The results showed that in women with a history of abortion (general and induction), attitude in the areas of socio-economic status and fertility than those without a history of miscarriage was higher. In the area of maternal and fetal health, attitude in people with a history of miscarriage than those without a history of abortion, induced abortion is less and the score was higher in patients with a history of abortion, although these differences were not statistically significant. Conclusion: According to kind of attitude to abortion can affect the rate of the general population, it is necessary to strengthen the attitude and values of the society as well as raise awareness of fertile women about their rights and the consequences of the increase in illegal abortions in community prevention.