Attentional control and the self: The Self-Attention Network (SAN)

  title={Attentional control and the self: The Self-Attention Network (SAN)},
  author={Glyn W. Humphreys and Jie Sui},
  journal={Cognitive Neuroscience},
  pages={17 - 5}
Although there is strong evidence that human decision-making is frequently self-biased, it remains unclear whether self-biases mediate attention. Here we review evidence on the relations between self-bias effects in decision-making and attention. We ask: Does self-related information capture attention? Do self-biases modulate pre-attentive processes or do they depend on attentional resources being available? We review work on (1) own-name effects, (2) own-face effects, and (3) self-biases in… 
Commentary: Attentional control and the self: The Self Attention Network (SAN)
The SAN model posits that the authors' responses to self-related stimuli are differentially subserved by a network comprising three nodes: a general-purpose top-down attentional control network which involves the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the intra-parietal sulcus, and a bottom-up orientating mechanism which depends on the posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS).
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There is much evidence indicating that people are biased towards information relevant to themselves compared with information relevant to other people, but the nature of these effects is often
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It is concluded that any speed of processing advantages observed in the self-face processing literature are not driven by automatic attention capture, and an interesting distraction effect caused by friend faces when processing strangers’ names is reported.
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