Attentional control and the self: The Self-Attention Network (SAN)

@article{Humphreys2016AttentionalCA,
  title={Attentional control and the self: The Self-Attention Network (SAN)},
  author={Glyn W. Humphreys and Jie Sui},
  journal={Cognitive Neuroscience},
  year={2016},
  volume={7},
  pages={17 - 5}
}
Although there is strong evidence that human decision-making is frequently self-biased, it remains unclear whether self-biases mediate attention. Here we review evidence on the relations between self-bias effects in decision-making and attention. We ask: Does self-related information capture attention? Do self-biases modulate pre-attentive processes or do they depend on attentional resources being available? We review work on (1) own-name effects, (2) own-face effects, and (3) self-biases in… Expand
Commentary: Attentional control and the self: The Self Attention Network (SAN)
TLDR
The SAN model posits that the authors' responses to self-related stimuli are differentially subserved by a network comprising three nodes: a general-purpose top-down attentional control network which involves the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the intra-parietal sulcus, and a bottom-up orientating mechanism which depends on the posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS). Expand
Self-face Captures, Holds, and Biases Attention
TLDR
The results indicate that unintentional self-face processing disables the top-down control setting to filter out distractors, thus leading to the engagement of attentional resources and visual short-term memory. Expand
The ubiquitous self: what the properties of self‐bias tell us about the self
TLDR
It is argued that the self serves as a stable anchor across different forms of judgment and that referring a stimulus to ourselves enhances the binding of stimulus features at different stages of processing and also the binding between processing stages. Expand
That's me in the spotlight: Self-relevance modulates attentional breadth.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that self-relevance influences the distribution of attentional resources during decisional processing and how self- relevance modulates attentional processing is highlighted. Expand
No evidence for a common self-bias across cognitive domains
TLDR
Strong evidence of a self-bias, independent of familiarity, was found on both attentional blink and shape-label matching tasks, supporting the idea that self-biases across cognitive domains are distinct. Expand
Target self-relevance speeds visual search responses but does not improve search efficiency
ABSTRACT In a variety of contexts, arbitrarily associating one’s self with a stimulus improves performance relative to stimuli that are not self-associated, implying enhanced processing ofExpand
Creating a network of importance: The particular effects of self-relevance on stimulus processing
TLDR
A first dissociation is found suggesting that negative valence attracts attention while self-relevance does not, and a second dissociation suggesting that self- relevance influences stimulus processing beyond attention-grabbing mechanisms and in the form of an “associative glue,” while negativevalence does not. Expand
Individual differences in self-focused attention: Relationship to inhibitory control and intrinsic architecture of large-scale networks
Self-relevant material presents an encoding advantage termed the self-reference effect (SRE) in which rich pre-existing schemas allow such material to be efficiently encoded. Self-relevant materialExpand
The Self-Prioritization Effect: Self-referential processing in movement highlights modulation at multiple stages
TLDR
The findings indicate that the self-advantage in arm-movement responses does not depend on the use of visual feedback or on a self/stimuli-directed response, and that self-relevance can modulate movement responses (predominantly) using proprioceptive, kinaesthetic, and tactile information. Expand
Self-prioritization and perceptual matching: The effects of temporal construal
TLDR
Findings elucidate when and how self-relevance influences decisional processing and hypothesized that temporal influences on self-construal may serve as an important determinant of stimulus prioritization. Expand
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