Attentional control and the relatedness proportion effect in semantic priming.

@article{Hutchison2007AttentionalCA,
  title={Attentional control and the relatedness proportion effect in semantic priming.},
  author={Keith A. Hutchison},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition},
  year={2007},
  volume={33 4},
  pages={
          645-62
        }
}
  • K. Hutchison
  • Published 2007
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
In 2 experiments, participants completed both an attentional control battery (OSPAN, antisaccade, and Stroop tasks) and a modified semantic priming task. The priming task measured relatedness proportion (RP) effects within subjects, with the color of the prime indicating the probability that the to-be-named target would be related. In Experiment 2, participants were cued before each trial with the probability of a related target. Stimulus onset asynchronies traditionally thought to tap… Expand
Fast trial pacing in a lexical decision task reveals a decay of automatic semantic activation.
TLDR
This is the first direct evidence that automatic semantic activation decays within 1200 ms in the standard semantic-priming/lexical-decision paradigm when attentional resources are not being used to maintain the goal of sustaining prime activation. Expand
Attentional control and asymmetric associative priming.
TLDR
Findings support the distinction between proactive and reactive forms of cognitive control embodied in Braver, Gray, and Burgess's (2007) dual-mechanism model of Cognitive control. Expand
Individual Differences in Semantic Priming Performance: Insights from the Semantic Priming Project
The semantic/associative priming effect refers to the finding of faster recognition times for words preceded by related targets (e.g. cat—DOG), compared to words preceded by unrelated targets (e.g.Expand
Semantic Negative Priming From an Ignored Single-Prime Depends Critically on Prime-Mask Inter-Stimulus Interval and Working Memory Capacity
TLDR
It is shown that semantic NP from single ignored primes depends on both the masking pattern that follows the prime, and on working memory capacity, which is reliably slower for semantically related trials than for unrelated trials. Expand
Nicotine does not enhance basic semantic priming
TLDR
The findings from the previous and current study suggest that an influence of nicotine on semantic processing may only emerge when effortful controlled processing is invoked, and that nicotinic modulation of links within semantic memory may only be mediated by mnemonic processes. Expand
Semantic priming effects during lexical decision task with 3rd grade children
In the semantic priming paradigm, accuracy and reaction time to a target-stimulus that is preceded by a prime (semantic related or unrelated to the target) are measured. This paper presents aExpand
Individual Differences in Working Memory Capacity Modulates Semantic Negative Priming from Single Prime Words
TLDR
Findings extend previous findings in demonstrating that (a) single negative priming can reliably generalize to semantic associates of the prime words, and (b) a differential availability of cognitive control resources can reliably modulate the negativePriming effect at a semantic level of representation. Expand
List Composition Effects for Masked Semantic Primes: Evidence Inconsistent with Activation Accounts
Priming is the benefit that an event receives when its processing has been preceded by the processing of a related or identical event. Context effects on priming are evident when priming changes as aExpand
'Automatic' evaluation? Strategic effects on affective priming.
Abstract Two studies examined strategic effects on affective priming. Extending prior research by Klauer and Teige-Mocigemba [Klauer, K. C., & Teige-Mocigemba, S. (2007). Controllability and resourceExpand
Phasic affective modulation of semantic priming.
TLDR
This mechanism provides a novel explanation for the observation that priming effects are usually larger for positive than for negative stimuli, and has important implications for linguistic research, by suggesting that association norms may be biased for affective words. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 94 REFERENCES
Automatic and attentional priming in young and older adults: reevaluation of the two-process model.
Three experiments addressed the distinction between automatic and attentional mechanisms underlying semantic priming effects by factorially crossing prime-target relatedness, expectancy, and SOA in aExpand
An Event-Related Brain Potential Analysis of Visual Word Priming Effects
TLDR
The combined results show that priming effects due to relatedness proportion are induced by task demands and are not a standard aspect of online lexical processing. Expand
Capacity demands of automatic processes in semantic priming
TLDR
The effects of prime-target stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) and the proportion of related primes and targets (relatedness proportion, or RP) on semantic priming when the prime was either named or was searched for a specific letter are examined. Expand
Dissociated Identity and Semantic Priming in Broca's Aphasia: How Controlled Processing Produces Inhibitory Semantic Priming
  • C. Bushell
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Brain and Language
  • 1996
TLDR
A striking dissociation of identity and semantic priming for the aphasics was interpreted as supporting the "center-surround" theory (Carr & Dagenbach, 1990), which accounts for the same dissociation found in the normal population under challenging word-recognition conditions. Expand
Beyond spreading activation: An influence of relatedness proportion on masked semantic priming
TLDR
Semantic priming in the lexical decision task has been shown to increase when the proportion of related-prime trials is increased, but these relatedness proportion effects were not due to conscious, strategic use of primes. Expand
On the nature of the proportion effect in semantic priming
Abstract The purpose of the present study was to investigate the nature of the proportion effect in semantic priming. The experiment employed a lexical decision task under conditions of low, medium,Expand
A controlled-attention view of working-memory capacity.
TLDR
The findings support a controlled-attention view of WM capacity, in which low-span participants performed poorly when task switching from antisaccade to prosaccade blocks, and in which a target appeared opposite the cued location. Expand
Variability in response criteria affects estimates of conscious identification and unconscious semantic priming
TLDR
It is suggested that the ability to act upon (via exclusion performance) and report information in a masked prime is determined by a variable response criterion, which can be manipulated as an independent variable. Expand
Strategic factors in a lexical-decision task: Evidence for automatic and attention-driven processes
The present study examined strategic factors in a semantic-priming, lexical-decision task. The first experiment demonstrated that the greater the proportion of related word-word pairs to unrelatedExpand
Dual-Process Model in Semantic Priming: A Functional Imaging Perspective
TLDR
It is concluded that in this experimental context, semantic priming involves both automatic and strategic processing, consistent with theoretical accounts of priming. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...