Attention in delay of gratification.

  title={Attention in delay of gratification.},
  author={Walter Mischel and Ebbe B. Ebbesen},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  • W. MischelE. Ebbesen
  • Published 1 October 1970
  • Psychology, Biology
  • Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
The role of altcntional processes in voluntary delay of reward was explored by manipulating children's attention to the rewards for which they were waiting in a delay-of-gratification paradigm. Preschool children waited for a preferred but delayed reward while facing either the delayed reward, a less preferred but immediately available reward, both rewards, or no rewards. The dependent measure was the amount of time they waited for the preferred outcome before forfeiting it for the sake of the… 

Tables from this paper

Cognitive and attentional mechanisms in delay of gratification.

Attentional and cognitive mechanisms which enhanced the salience of the rewards shortened the length of voluntary delay, while distractions from the rewards, overtly or cogmtively, facilitated delay.

The Role of Affect in Delay of Gratification.

MOORE, BERT S.; CLYBURN, ANDREA; and UNDERWOOD, BILL. The Role of Affect in Delay of Gratification. CHrLD DEVELOPMENT, 1976, 47, 273-276. 3-5-year-old children were given instructions designed to

Strategic attention deployment for delay of gratification in working and waiting situations.

Analysis of spontaneous attention deployment showed that attending to rewards reduces delay time regardless of the working or waiting nature of the task.

The role of ideation in voluntary delay for symbolically presented rewards

In a self-imposed delay of gratification paradigm, preschool children waited for preferred but delayed rewards. We systematically varied the contents of slide-presented images of the rewards and

Cognitive representation of rewards in delay of gratification

  • B. Moore
  • Psychology
    Cognitive Therapy and Research
  • 2005
A study was conducted comparing the effects of two modes of cognitively representing rewards on delay of gratification. Nursery school children were told to think about the rewards in a delay

Factors in Delaytof Gratification

1, The major objective of this stidl was to explore how prescrlool children's ability to delay gratification was affected when children were ed-tcrattend to actual rewards rather than pictures of

Temporal expectations in delay of gratification.

The results suggest that temporal learning may influence preference reversals in a delay of gratification task, providing a number of future directions for research in this area.

Instrumental ideation in delay of gratification.

Increased waiting occurred only when the reward objects in the delay contingency were the focus of ideation and not when the ideated objects were irrelevant to thedelay contingency.

Waiting for the better reward: Comparison of delay of gratification in young children across two cultures

It is concluded that the intuitive comparative assessment of self-control task taps into children’s delay of gratification ability and the importance of testing for socio-cultural influences on children‘s cognitive development is emphasized.




Yielding to temptation, in a situation in which attainment of achievement rewards is contingent upon deviant (cheating) behavior, was conceptualized to be a function of (a) the strength of the

Preference for delayed reinforcement and social responsibility.

  • W. Mischel
  • Psychology
    Journal of abnormal and social psychology
  • 1961

Delay of gratification, need for achievement, and acquiescence in another culture.

  • W. Mischel
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of abnormal and social psychology
  • 1961

Father-absence and delay of gratification: crosscultural comparisons.

  • W. Mischel
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of abnormal and social psychology
  • 1961

Theory and research on the antecedents of self-imposed delay of reward.

  • W. Mischel
  • Psychology
    Progress in experimental personality research
  • 1966