Attention in delay of gratification.

@article{Mischel1970AttentionID,
  title={Attention in delay of gratification.},
  author={W. Mischel and E. Ebbesen},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  year={1970},
  volume={16},
  pages={329-337}
}
The role of altcntional processes in voluntary delay of reward was explored by manipulating children's attention to the rewards for which they were waiting in a delay-of-gratification paradigm. Preschool children waited for a preferred but delayed reward while facing either the delayed reward, a less preferred but immediately available reward, both rewards, or no rewards. The dependent measure was the amount of time they waited for the preferred outcome before forfeiting it for the sake of the… Expand

Tables from this paper

Cognitive and attentional mechanisms in delay of gratification.
TLDR
Attentional and cognitive mechanisms which enhanced the salience of the rewards shortened the length of voluntary delay, while distractions from the rewards, overtly or cogmtively, facilitated delay. Expand
The Role of Affect in Delay of Gratification.
MOORE, BERT S.; CLYBURN, ANDREA; and UNDERWOOD, BILL. The Role of Affect in Delay of Gratification. CHrLD DEVELOPMENT, 1976, 47, 273-276. 3-5-year-old children were given instructions designed toExpand
Delay of gratification in children: A function of magnitude of reward and the delay cue☆
Abstract In research on delay of gratification in children, the delay cue and magnitude of reward cue have traditionally been confounded. The delay and magnitude of reward cues were independentlyExpand
Strategic attention deployment for delay of gratification in working and waiting situations.
TLDR
Analysis of spontaneous attention deployment showed that attending to rewards reduces delay time regardless of the working or waiting nature of the task. Expand
Processes operative during delay of gratification
Sixty-four middle-class preschool children chose between waiting for a preferred item and receiving a less desired item immediately. The items were of different classes, i.e., one food and one toy,Expand
The role of ideation in voluntary delay for symbolically presented rewards
In a self-imposed delay of gratification paradigm, preschool children waited for preferred but delayed rewards. We systematically varied the contents of slide-presented images of the rewards andExpand
Cognitive representation of rewards in delay of gratification
  • B. Moore
  • Psychology
  • Cognitive Therapy and Research
  • 2005
A study was conducted comparing the effects of two modes of cognitively representing rewards on delay of gratification. Nursery school children were told to think about the rewards in a delayExpand
Factors in Delaytof Gratification
1, The major objective of this stidl was to explore how prescrlool children's ability to delay gratification was affected when children were ed-tcrattend to actual rewards rather than pictures ofExpand
Delay of gratification in children: The effects of training under fixed, decreasing and increasing delay of reward☆
Abstract The effect of fixed, gradually decreasing, or increasing delay of reward in discimination learning on later delay of gratification was investigated. In discrimination training, employing aExpand
Instrumental ideation in delay of gratification.
TLDR
Increased waiting occurred only when the reward objects in the delay contingency were the focus of ideation and not when the ideated objects were irrelevant to thedelay contingency. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 23 REFERENCES
DELAY OF GRATIFICATION, MOTIVATION FOR THE PROHIBITED GRATIFICATION, AND RESPONSES TO TEMPTATION.
Yielding to temptation, in a situation in which attainment of achievement rewards is contingent upon deviant (cheating) behavior, was conceptualized to be a function of (a) the strength of theExpand
Preference for delayed reinforcement and social responsibility.
  • W. Mischel
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of abnormal and social psychology
  • 1961
Delay of gratification, need for achievement, and acquiescence in another culture.
  • W. Mischel
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of abnormal and social psychology
  • 1961
Father-absence and delay of gratification: crosscultural comparisons.
  • W. Mischel
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of abnormal and social psychology
  • 1961
Theory and research on the antecedents of self-imposed delay of reward.
  • W. Mischel
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Progress in experimental personality research
  • 1966
The role of frustrative nonreward in noncontinuous reward situations.
  • A. Amsel
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological bulletin
  • 1958
Effects of expected delay time on the subjective value of rewards and punishments.
Delay of gratification and severity of psychological disturbance among hospitalized psychiatric patients.
  • J. Shybut
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1968
Future time perspective and the preference for delayed reward.
  • S. Klineberg
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1968
Foundations of Social Psychology
...
1
2
3
...