Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: diagnosis, lifespan, comorbidities, and neurobiology.

  title={Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: diagnosis, lifespan, comorbidities, and neurobiology.},
  author={Thomas J. Spencer and Joseph Biederman and Eric O. Mick},
  journal={Journal of pediatric psychology},
  volume={32 6},
In this report, we provide an evidence-based overview of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), including diagnosis, prevalence, developmental expression of symptoms, persistence, the heterogeneity of functional outcome, impairment in afflicted adults, psychiatric comorbidity, pathophysiology, genetics, psychosocial and biologic risk factors, and neurobiology. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is an early-onset, highly prevalent neurobehavioral disorder, with genetic… 

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