Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

@article{Faraone2015AttentiondeficithyperactivityD,
  title={Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder},
  author={Stephen V. Faraone and Philip Asherson and Tobias Banaschewski and Joseph Biederman and Jan K. Buitelaar and Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga and Luis Augusto Rohde and Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke and Rosemary Tannock and Barbara Franke},
  journal={Nature Reviews Disease Primers},
  year={2015}
}
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a persistent neurodevelopmental disorder that affects 5% of children and adolescents and 2.5% of adults worldwide. Throughout an individual's lifetime, ADHD can increase the risk of other psychiatric disorders, educational and occupational failure, accidents, criminality, social disability and addictions. No single risk factor is necessary or sufficient to cause ADHD. In most cases ADHD arises from several genetic and environmental risk factors… Expand
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
TLDR
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is associated with an increased risk of negative long-term outcomes however, with support many patients thrive and have successful lives. Expand
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
TLDR
This chapter reviews the current diagnostic criteria, epidemiology, and history of ADHD, and the different phenotypes (predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive/impulsive, or combined) and diagnostic process. Expand
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The Research Domain Criteria has been proposed to provide a novel framework for understanding the nature of neuropsychiatric illnesses and ultimately improve their diagnosis and treatment. Expand
Shared genetic background between children and adults with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
TLDR
It is confirmed that persistent ADHD in adults is a neurodevelopmental disorder and the existing hypothesis of a shared genetic architecture underlying ADHD and different traits to a lifespan perspective is extended. Expand
Shared genetic background between children and adults with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
TLDR
It is confirmed that persistent ADHD in adults is a neurodevelopmental disorder and the existing hypothesis of a shared genetic architecture underlying ADHD and different traits to a lifespan perspective is extended. Expand
ADHD symptoms in the adult general population are associated with factors linked to ADHD in adult patients
TLDR
Factors associated with categorical ADHD are also correlated with ADHD symptoms in the adult population, and Childhood ADHD symptoms, neuroticism, and psychoticism were positively associated with current IA and HI symptoms, while extraversion had an opposite association with these symptom domains. Expand
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), antisociality and delinquent behavior over the lifespan
TLDR
Although the understanding of the role of ADHD in the development of criminal behavior has substantially improved during the last two decades, more research is needed to further elucidate the mechanisms generating unfavorable outcomes and to engender adequate treatment strategies for this population at risk. Expand
Common psychiatric and metabolic comorbidity of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A population-based cross-sectional study
TLDR
Adult ADHD remained associated with all comorbidities in older adults aged 50 to 64 when all conditions were assessed from age 50 onwards and Clinicians should remain vigilant for a wide range of psychiatric and metabolic problems in ADHD affected adults of all ages and both sexes. Expand
Management of anxiety disorders in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a narrative review
TLDR
Adjunctive cognitive-behavior therapy for anxiety disorder symptoms is strongly recommended and is considered superior to medication alone, and in moderate and severe cases of comorbid Ads, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors can be added to the stimulants, with the required caution. Expand
Risks and Benefits of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Medication on Behavioral and Neuropsychiatric Outcomes: A Qualitative Review of Pharmacoepidemiology Studies Using Linked Prescription Databases
TLDR
A qualitative systematic review of studies that investigated the effects of ADHD medication on behavioral and neuropsychiatric outcomes using linked prescription databases from the last 10 years found no evidence of increased risks for suicidality and seizures and highlighted several knowledge gaps to be addressed. Expand
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TLDR
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