Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

  title={Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)},
  author={S{\o}ren Dalsgaard},
  journal={European Child \& Adolescent Psychiatry},
  • S. Dalsgaard
  • Published 1 February 2013
  • Psychology
  • European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
The proposed revision of the diagnostic criteria in DSM-5 for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) will not fundamentally change the concept of ADHD. This is mainly due to the fact that, DSM-5 will retain the exact DSM-IV wording of all 18 symptoms, but will add new examples that make the criteria more appropriate for children, adolescents and adults. The age of onset will also be changed from 7 to 12 years, the subtyping of the disorder will change, and pervasive developmental… 

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Behavioral Report from Professors and Self-Report from University Students

In this article, we analyze the internal consistency of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders–5th ed. (DSM–5) diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms and cognitive skills of preschool children.

It is confirmed that even during preschool years, children with ADHD symptoms are more likely to present with concomitant cognitive difficulties, and the necessity for the evaluation of pre-academic skills among preschool childrenwith ADHD symptoms in order to mitigate unfavorable academic functioning is revealed.

Psychosis in adulthood is associated with high rates of ADHD and CD problems during childhood

Previous views regarding PPA among patients with a psychotic illness may reflect an association between childhood ADHD/CD and later psychosis, and the nature of this association remains uncertain.

Associations between parental psychopathology and markers of severity in children with ADHD

Investigation of the association between parental ADHD and offspring clinical features and the role of parental psychopathology (ADHD or depression) in contributing to cognitive variation in children with ADHD indicates children with more severe clinical presentations and greater pre-frontal cognitive impairments are more likely to have a parent with mental health difficulties.

Demographic Characteristics and Psychiatric Comorbidity of Children and Adolescents Diagnosed with ADHD in Specialized Healthcare

Describing children with ADHD in Finnish specialized healthcare by reporting the demographic characteristics, time trends in diagnosis, psychiatric comorbidity, and the validity of register-based diagnoses.

Common Danish standards in prescribing medication for children and adolescents with ADHD

The Danish system, with its restrictive approach to medication and clear diagnostic guidelines seems to have avoided a systematic bias of ADHD medication in young children reported in other countries.

Squaring the circle? On the search for circulating biomarkers in polygenic psychiatric disorders

The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project is launched to transform diagnosis by incorporating genetics, imaging, cognitive science, and other levels of information to lay the foundation for a new classification system for ADHD.

Technological Innovation to Assess Cognitive Functions in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

This study found that children with ADHD presented a mean error of M = 5.05 while children without ADHD M = 3.42, which is significantly higher than the average for children without the disorder.

Evaluating the Efficacy of Using Cognitive Behavioural Therapy to Reduce ADHD symptoms in Male Offenders

The purpose of the current study was to evaluate a CBT treatment approach and examine the participants’ ADHD symptom levels among offenders. It was hypothesized that the group would effectively



The age at onset of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Four large community studies have identified a group of adults who did not have ADHD as children but who do meet diagnostic criteria for ADHD as adults, which has resulted in considerable debate and several lines of argument have been put forward to explain the findings.

Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in the Context of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Medication studies have demonstrated the efficacy of methylphenidate, atomoxetine, and guanfacine, among others, in treating ADHD symptoms co-occurring with ASD, but these effects were not as great as those seen when treating primary ADHD, and they are less well-tolerated in the ASD population.

Conduct problems, gender and adult psychiatric outcome of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Girls with ADHD with conduct problems had a very high risk of a psychiatric admission in adulthood, including gender and comorbidity.

Unrecognized Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults Presenting with Other Psychiatric Disorders

Limited evidence further suggests that ADHD therapy may help to improve symptoms of certain psychiatric comorbidities, such as depression, which is most prevalent among patients with mood, anxiety, substance use, and impulse-control disorders.

Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children, adolescents, and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

  • M. Dulcan
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • 1997
There are three types of ADHD: predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, and combined; the primary medications are psychostimulants, but antidepressants and alpha-adrenergic agonists are used in special circumstances.

Implications of extending the ADHD age-of-onset criterion to age 12: results from a prospectively studied birth cohort.

[Attention deficit hyperactivity disorders in children and adolescents: diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines].

  • G. Lehmkuhl
  • Psychology, Medicine
    MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
  • 2007
A multimodal treatment concept is recommended in which the administration of psychostimulants is combined with educational and behavioural therapeutic measures.

Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

  • S. Pliszka
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • 2007
This practice parameter describes the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) based on the current scientific evidence and clinical

The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD in the United States: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication.

Efforts are needed to increase the detection and treatment of adult ADHD and research is needed to determine whether effective treatment would reduce the onset, persistence, and severity of disorders that co-occur with adult ADHD.

European clinical guidelines for hyperkinetic disorder – first upgrade

A general scheme for practice in Europe could be provided and a set of recommendations for the conceptualisation and management of hyperkinetic disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are presented.