Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Girls

@article{Staller2006AttentionDeficitHD,
  title={Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Girls},
  author={Jud A. Staller and Stephen V. Faraone},
  journal={CNS Drugs},
  year={2006},
  volume={20},
  pages={107-123}
}
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in girls is a topic of growing research and clinical interest. For many years, girls with ADHD have been ignored and overshadowed by hyperkinetic and impulsive boys, but they are now attracting interest in an effort to understand the similarities and differences in the prevalence, symptoms, familial risk, comorbidities and treatment of ADHD in the two sexes. A review of past and current literature finds that the symptoms of ADHD are not sex… 

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  • 2010

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Girls referred for social and/or attention deficits usually meet diagnostic criteria for either ASD or ADHD, but have severe psychiatric comorbidities and low global levels of functioning.

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The findings suggest that females’ ADHD symptoms may need to be made more prominent by additional behavioural and emotional problems for them to receive clinical recognition for their ADHD, and that in the absence of prominent externalising problems females may be more easily missed in the ADHD diagnostic process.

ADHD and Female Specific Concerns

  • N. Nussbaum
  • Psychology
    Journal of attention disorders
  • 2012
It is essential that both clinical practice and research be informed by awareness of subtle but important sex differences in presentation and developmental course of ADHD in order to better identify and promote improved quality of care to girls and women with ADHD.

Eating pathology among adolescent girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Baseline impulsivity symptoms, as opposed to hyperactivity and inattention, best predicted adolescent eating pathology, with statistical control of ADHD, and baseline peer rejection and parent- child relationship problems also predicted adolescenteating pathology.

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Male and female ADHD patients seem to be more similar than different regarding ADHD-related psychopathology and general personality traits, suggesting no ADHD-specific effect of gender.

Sex Differences in Substance Use, Prevalence, Pharmacological Therapy, and Mental Health in Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Girls with ADHD are more at risk of substance use than boys, and early diagnosis and treatment of ADHD, especially in adolescent girls, is essential to prevent early substance use, the development of SUD, and suicidal behavior.
...

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