Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Girls

@article{Staller2006AttentionDeficitHD,
  title={Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Girls},
  author={Jud A. Staller and Stephen V. Faraone},
  journal={CNS Drugs},
  year={2006},
  volume={20},
  pages={107-123}
}
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in girls is a topic of growing research and clinical interest. For many years, girls with ADHD have been ignored and overshadowed by hyperkinetic and impulsive boys, but they are now attracting interest in an effort to understand the similarities and differences in the prevalence, symptoms, familial risk, comorbidities and treatment of ADHD in the two sexes. A review of past and current literature finds that the symptoms of ADHD are not sex… Expand
Gender differences in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
  • J. Rucklidge
  • Medicine
  • The Psychiatric clinics of North America
  • 2010
TLDR
A review of gender differences noted across the lifespan in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder suggests treatments are likely to be equally effective in males and females. Expand
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children:A Short Review and Literature
TLDR
Children in North America appear to have a higher rate of ADHD than children in Africa and the Middle East; however, this may be due to differing methods of diagnosis used in different areas of the world. Expand
Annual Research Review: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in girls and women: underrepresentation, longitudinal processes, and key directions.
TLDR
Focusing on ADHD in females is necessary to characterize causal and maintaining mechanisms with accuracy and to foster responsive interventions, as highlighted in the closing list of clinical implications and research priorities. Expand
The neurobiological profile of girls with ADHD.
TLDR
Current theory and research findings that seek to establish a unique neurobiological profile of girls with ADHD are outlined, highlighting sex differences in typical brain development and among children with ADHD. Expand
Psychiatric Comorbidity Differences in Clinic-Referred Children and Adolescents With ADHD According to the Subtypes and Gender
TLDR
This study does not provide evidence supporting attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder subtypes as distinct clinical entities in terms of comorbidity and association with psychiatric disorders in Iran is more similar to that of other Asian countries. Expand
Girls With Social and/or Attention Deficits: A Descriptive Study of 100 Clinic Attenders
TLDR
Girls referred for social and/or attention deficits usually meet diagnostic criteria for either ASD or ADHD, but have severe psychiatric comorbidities and low global levels of functioning. Expand
Using an epidemiological approach to investigate sex differences in the manifestation of ADHD in youth and adulthood
TLDR
The findings suggest that females’ ADHD symptoms may need to be made more prominent by additional behavioural and emotional problems for them to receive clinical recognition for their ADHD, and that in the absence of prominent externalising problems females may be more easily missed in the ADHD diagnostic process. Expand
Neuropsychological profile of executive function in girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
TLDR
Girls and boys with ADHD showed similar patterns of deficit on tasks involving response preparation and working memory; however, they manifested different patterns of executive dysfunction on tasks related to response inhibition and planning, highlighting the importance of studying boys and girls separately (as well as together) when considering manifestations ofExecutive dysfunction in ADHD. Expand
ADHD and Female Specific Concerns
  • N. Nussbaum
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of attention disorders
  • 2012
TLDR
It is essential that both clinical practice and research be informed by awareness of subtle but important sex differences in presentation and developmental course of ADHD in order to better identify and promote improved quality of care to girls and women with ADHD. Expand
Gender differences in self- and investigator-rated psychopathology in adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
TLDR
Male and female ADHD patients seem to be more similar than different regarding ADHD-related psychopathology and general personality traits, suggesting no ADHD-specific effect of gender. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 148 REFERENCES
Family study of girls with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
TLDR
The familial transmission of ADHD and comorbid disorders generalizes to families of girls with ADHD, and neither proband gender nor subtype influences the familial transmission. Expand
Influence of gender on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children referred to a psychiatric clinic.
TLDR
Girls with ADHD were more likely than boys to have the predominantly inattentive type of ADHD, more likely to have a learning disability, and less likely to manifest problems in school or in their spare time, and a statistically significant gender-by-ADHD interaction was identified for comorbid substance use disorders. Expand
Conduct problems, gender and adult psychiatric outcome of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
TLDR
Girls with ADHD with conduct problems had a very high risk of a psychiatric admission in adulthood, including gender and comorbidity. Expand
A family study of psychiatric comorbidity in girls and boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
TLDR
It is suggested that boys and girls do not differ in the familial risk factors that mediate comorbid psychopathology and the familial aggregation ofComorbid disorders in ADHD families. Expand
Sex differences in school-aged children with pervasive attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
TLDR
Results indicated that the male and female ADHD groups were strikingly similar on all measures of primary (impulsivity, inattention, and overactivity) and secondary (learning problems, externalizing symptoms, internalizing symptoms), and Implications for understanding the long-term outcome of ADHD in girls are discussed. Expand
Preadolescent girls with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: I. Background characteristics, comorbidity, cognitive and social functioning, and parenting practices.
  • S. Hinshaw
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 2002
TLDR
Girls with ADHD showed dysfunction in terms of externalizing and internalizing behaviors and comorbidities, cognitive and academic performance, authoritarian parenting, and peer status, and the inattentive type was more socially isolated but less rejected by peers than the combined type. Expand
Clinical correlates of ADHD in females: findings from a large group of girls ascertained from pediatric and psychiatric referral sources.
TLDR
The results of this study extend to girls previous findings in boys indicating that ADHD is characterized by prototypical core symptoms of the disorder, high levels of comorbid psychopathology, and dysfunction in multiple domains. Expand
The Massachusetts General Hospital studies of gender influences on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in youth and relatives.
TLDR
Gender was a limited effect modifier of ADHD as a risk factor for ADHD-associated dysfunction in referred children and adolescents and the idea that gender differences in comorbid disorders can be attributed to genes or other familial causes is rejected. Expand
Gender differences among children with DSM-IV ADHD in Australia.
TLDR
The findings suggest the possibility of gender-specific risks associated with high levels of inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms indicating that ADHD subtype membership should be considered when conducting ADHD gender comparisons. Expand
Gender differences in ADHD: a meta-analysis and critical review.
  • M. Gaub, C. Carlson
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • 1997
TLDR
The need for future research examining gender differences in ADHD is strongly indicated, with attention to methodological limitations of the current literature, including the potential confounding effects of referral bias, comorbidity, developmental patterns, diagnostic procedures, and rater source. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...