Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in adult patients with Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): Is ADHD a vulnerability factor?

@article{Adler2004AttentionDeficitHyperactivityDI,
  title={Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in adult patients with Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): Is ADHD a vulnerability factor?},
  author={Lenard A Adler and Maur{\'i}cio Kunz and Hong Choon Chua and John Rotrosen and Sandra G Resnick},
  journal={Journal of Attention Disorders},
  year={2004},
  volume={8},
  pages={11 - 16}
}
Objective: There is limited evidence suggesting a link between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This study examined the association between PTSD and ADHD using retrospective and current clinical evaluations. Method: Twenty-five male veterans with PTSD and 22 male veterans with panic disorder were evaluated for ADHD. The data was analyzed using chi-square and student’s t-tests. Results: Thirty-six percent of participants with PTSD and 9… 
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Examining the relations between PTSD and ADHD combined with the mediating effect of dissociative psychopathology concluded that ADHD comorbidity was not a predominant vulnerability factor for the development of post-traumatic stress response but may be an exacerbating factor after theDevelopment of PTSD.
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The comorbidity with PTSD in adults with ADHD is associated with weaker cognitive performance on several tasks that appear related to spatial/perceptual abilities and fluency, and neuropsychological test performances may share variance with the quality of life variables yet are not mediators of thequality of life ratings.
Childhood ADHD Symptoms in Relation to Trauma Exposure and PTSD Symptoms Among College Students: Attending to and Accommodating Trauma
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are highly comorbid among children and adolescents with a history of maltreatment and trauma. This comorbidity
The Effects of Inattentiveness and Hyperactivity on Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms: Does a Diagnosis of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Matter?
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Inattention may serve as a risk factor for posttraumatic stress symptoms following combat exposure, and inattention or memory problems significantly predicted PTSD symptoms when other ADHD symptom clusters were considered simultaneously.
Post-traumatic Stress Disorders and ADHD
TLDR
This chapter reviews the etiological aspects, assessment strategies, and psychosocial and pharmacological treatment approaches for patients with co-occurring ADHD and PTSD and highlights the need for more research within the field to inform better assessment and treatment of this comorbid combination in clinical practice.
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