Attempts to relate enzyme inactivation to degradation in vivo.


Inactivation of liver cytosol proteins has been measured in vitro in the presence of various membranes and disulphides. Inactivation rates correlate with the known degradation rate constants of the enzymes in the intact liver. More extensive studies were carried out with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) using either cytosol as a source of these enzymes or alternatively highly purified preparations of each enzyme. All membranes purified from liver had a considerable capacity to inactivate the enzymes with higher activity found in the hepatocyte plasma membrane. Various lipid preparations or plasma membranes from other tissues were virtually ineffective. Inactivation was dependent on disulphides in the membranes as shown by the inhibition of activity if membranes were pretreated with thiols. Preliminary experiments of the fate of inactivated G6PD or PEPCK show binding to membranes and subsequent proteolysis. A model is proposed for the degradation of labile enzymes.

Cite this paper

@article{Ballard1977AttemptsTR, title={Attempts to relate enzyme inactivation to degradation in vivo.}, author={F. John Ballard and M F Hopgood and Spencer E. Knowles and Geoffrey Leonard Francis}, journal={Acta biologica et medica Germanica}, year={1977}, volume={36 11-12}, pages={1805-13} }