Attachment to humans: a comparative study on hand-reared wolves and differently socialized dog puppies

  title={Attachment to humans: a comparative study on hand-reared wolves and differently socialized dog puppies},
  author={J{\'o}zsef Top{\'a}l and M{\'a}rta G{\'a}csi and {\'A}d{\'a}m Mikl{\'o}si and Zsofia Viranyi and Enikő Kubinyi and Vilmos Cs{\'a}nyi},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},

Figures and Tables from this paper

Hand-reared wolves show similar, or stronger, attachment toward human caregivers compared to hand-reared dogs
It is suggested that wolves can show attachment toward humans comparable to that of dogs at later developmental stages, and indicates that the ability to form attachment with humans did not occur post-domestication of dogs.
The Effect of Domestication and Experience on the Social Interaction of Dogs and Wolves With a Human Companion
The findings support the idea that domestication has affected dogs’ behavior in terms of their overall interest in being in proximity with a human partner also in case of dogs with a relatively sparse socialization experience (free-ranging dogs), but it remains unclear what the driving motivation to interact with the human may be.
Social behavior in dog puppies: Breed differences and the effect of rearing conditions.
Czechoslovakian wolf dog puppies were more active than Labrador puppies in general, as they were more likely to explore the environment and the objects and spent more time doing so.
Species-specific differences and similarities in the behavior of hand-raised dog and wolf pups in social situations with humans.
It is demonstrated that already at this early age--despite unprecedented intensity of socialization and the comparable social (human) environment during early development--there are specific behavioral differences between wolves and dogs mostly with regard to their interactions with humans.
Adult, intensively socialized wolves show features of attachment behaviour to their handler
It is shown that adult, hand-reared wolves, similarly to dogs, form individualized relationship with their handler, suggesting that the ability to form interspecific social bonds could have been present already in the common ancestor of dogs and wolves.
Attachment bonds between domestic cats and humans
Sociability and gazing toward humans in dogs and wolves: Simple behaviors with broad implications.
Dogs showed higher levels of interspecific sociability than wolves in all conditions, including those where attention was unavailable, and dogs gazed longer at the person's face than Wolves in the presence of out-of-reach food.
Dogs’ Sociability, Owners’ Neuroticism and Attachment Style to Pets as Predictors of Dog Aggression
Dogs which were aggressive towards humans were less sociable than non-aggressive dogs and this was associated with the higher neuroticism scores of their owners, implying that the psychological profiles of both a dog and its owner influence dog aggression towards humans.


Attachment behavior in dogs (Canis familiaris): a new application of Ainsworth's (1969) Strange Situation Test.
Although there was considerable variability in dogs' attachment behavior to humans, the authors did not find any effect of gender, age, living conditions, or breed on most of the behavioral variables.
Is the dog-human relationship an attachment bond? An observational study using Ainsworth's strange situation
Ainsworth's 'strange situation' procedure was used to investigate the dog ( Canis familiaris ) - human relationship. 38 adult dog-owner pairs were observed in an unfamiliar room, introduced to a
Attachment behavior of adult dogs (Canis familiaris) living at rescue centers: forming new bonds.
In this study, 60 shelter dogs (Canis familiaris) were observed in the modified version of the Strange Situation Test, which has proved to be a useful method for studying dogs' attachment behavior
Behavioral responsiveness to strangers in young chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes).
A wariness of strangers in nursery-reared chimpanzees may develop by 6 months of age and may diminish somewhat by 2 years of age under the conditions of this study.
Does dog-human attachment affect their inter-specific cooperation?
It is concluded that it is not the attachment type that causes the main differences in the leading behaviour of the three study groups, but the basic ability for cooperation with humans can be modified by training but seem to be less affected by the relationship with the owner.
Comprehension of human communicative signs in pet dogs (Canis familiaris).
The hypothesis is that dogs spend more time in close contact with humans than apes do, and as a result dogs are probably more experienced in the recognition of human gestures.
Dogs: A New Understanding of Canine Origin, Behavior and Evolution
The Coppingers show how characteristic shapes and behaviors arise from both genetic heritage and the environments in which pups are raised, and how both dogs and humans need to understand and adapt to the biological needs and dispositions of the authors' canine companions.
Cues to food location that domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) of different ages do and do not use
The results suggest the possibility that domestic dogs have evolved an adaptive specialization for using human-produced directional cues in a goal-directed (especially foraging) context.
Dog-Human Relationship Affects Problem Solving Behavior in the Dog
ABSTRACTIn this paper we present evidence that simple problem solving in the dog is strongly influenced by the relationship with the owner. Twenty-eight dog-owner pairs were observed in a novel