Attachment to humans: a comparative study on hand-reared wolves and differently socialized dog puppies

@article{Topl2005AttachmentTH,
  title={Attachment to humans: a comparative study on hand-reared wolves and differently socialized dog puppies},
  author={J{\'o}zsef Top{\'a}l and M{\'a}rta G{\'a}csi and {\'A}d{\'a}m Mikl{\'o}si and Zsofia Viranyi and Enikő Kubinyi and Vilmos Cs{\'a}nyi},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={2005},
  volume={70},
  pages={1367-1375}
}
Using the Strange Situation Test originally developed for testing the mother-infant relationship in humans, we compared the attachment behaviour of extensively socialized (hand-reared) dog, Canis familiaris, and wolf, Canis lupus, puppies towards their human caregiver with that of pet dog puppies of the same age. The experiment was designed to study whether (1) dog puppies as young as 16 weeks show attachment to a human caregiver, (2) extensive socialization by human caregivers affects… 

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