Attachment behavior in dogs (Canis familiaris): a new application of Ainsworth's (1969) Strange Situation Test.

@article{Topal1998AttachmentBI,
  title={Attachment behavior in dogs (Canis familiaris): a new application of Ainsworth's (1969) Strange Situation Test.},
  author={József Topál and {\'A}. Mikl{\'o}si and Vilmos Cs{\'a}nyi and Antal D{\'o}ka},
  journal={Journal of comparative psychology},
  year={1998},
  volume={112 3},
  pages={
          219-29
        }
}
Fifty-one owner-dog pairs were observed in a modified version of M. D. S. Ainsworth's (1969) Strange Situation Test. The results demonstrate that adult dogs (Canis familiaris) show patterns of attachment behavior toward the owner. Although there was considerable variability in dogs' attachment behavior to humans, the authors did not find any effect of gender, age, living conditions, or breed on most of the behavioral variables. The human-dog relationship was described by means of a factor… 

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