Attachment and Religiosity in Adolescence: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Evaluations

  title={Attachment and Religiosity in Adolescence: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Evaluations},
  author={Pehr Granqvist},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={260 - 270}
  • P. Granqvist
  • Published 1 February 2002
  • Psychology
  • Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
The study offers the first investigation of cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between attachment and religiosity with adolescent participants. Adolescence is a life period linked to attachment transitions and religious changes. The research was conducted to help resolve inconsistent results from previous cross-sectional versus longitudinal studies and studies on attachment to parents versus peer attachment. Time 1 questionnaire data was collected from 196 Swedish adolescents (M age… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Longitudinal Predictions of Religious Change in Adolescence: Contributions from the Interaction of Attachment and Relationship Status
The purpose of the study was to test our (Granqvist, 2002a) emotional compensation and two-level correspondence hypotheses by examining longitudinal associations of attachment and change in romantic
A Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Study of Adolescents and Religion: Views of Risk and Resiliency
The research literature within the past decade has documented the importance of religiosity and spirituality in helping many adults around the world cope with major life stressors and events. Still,
RESEARCH: "Religious Conversion and Perceived Childhood Attachment: A Meta-Analysis"
In this article we review previous work on religious conversions, relate this work to attachment system dynamics, and present a meta-analysis of results from 11 cross-national questionnaire studies
God Attachment, Mother Attachment, and Father Attachment in Early and Middle Adolescence
The present study examined the interplay of attachment to God, attachment to mother, and attachment to father with respect to adjustment (hope, self-esteem, depression) for 130 early and 106 middle adolescents in Singapore to discuss the secure base and safe haven functions that God and parental attachments may play during adolescence.
Attachment theory and religion.
Spirituality, Self‐Representations, and Attachment to Parents: A Longitudinal Study of Roman Catholic College Seminarians
The author used an attachment theory framework to explore relationships between early attachment to parents and seminarians' later self-representations and relationship with God. Attachment to mother
Examining relations among attachment, religiosity, and new age spirituality using the Adult Attachment Interview.
This study was the first to examine relations between attachment and religion-spirituality in adults using a developmentally validated attachment assessment, the Adult Attachment Interview, and results generally supported the hypotheses.
Sex Differences in Religiosity: The Role of Attachment to Parents and Social Learning
We employed aspects of both attachment theory and social learning theory to develop an understanding of sex differences in young adults’ attachment to God, their concepts of God, and other aspects of
Attachment Predicts Adolescent Conversions at Young Life Religious Summer Camps
The correspondence hypothesis maintains that people with secure parental attachments will experience gradual religious conversions, with internal working models of childhood attachment figures
Religion as Attachment: Normative Processes and Individual Differences
  • P. Granqvist, M. Mikulincer, P. Shaver
  • Psychology
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 2010
Findings from the psychology of religion showing that believers’ perceived relationships with God meet the definitional criteria for attachment relationships are reviewed and a more inclusive framework that accommodates concepts such as mindfulness and "nonattachment" from nontheistic religions such as Buddhism and New Age spirituality is proposed.


God as a Substitute Attachment Figure: A Longitudinal Study of Adult Attachment Style and Religious Change in College Students
In a two-wave survey study designed to extend and refine previous research on religion as an attachment process, college students completed a four-category attachment-style measure and several
A longitudinal study of changes in religious belief and behavior as a function of individual differences in adult attachment style.
Four years after responding to a newspaper survey on attachment and close relationships, 146 women completed a follow-up survey on changes in their religious belief and experience during the interim
Seeking security in the New Age: On attachment and emotional compensation
The purpose of the present cross-sectional questionnaire study was to construct a comprehensive and reliable scale to assess new age orientation as a continuous individual difference variable. Given
Religiosity, Adult Attachment, and Why "Singles" are More Religious
The purpose of this cross-sectional, questionnaire study was to investigate the links of adult attachment style and relationship status to various indexes of religiosity. The sample consisted of 156
Attachment in Adolescence:
A fundamental question in the study of attachment is the explanation for differences in quality of attachment. In the present study, the Social Relations Model (SRM) was used to examine whether these
Attachment Theory and Religion: Childhood Attachments, Religious Beliefs, and Conversion*
In this paper we argue that attachment theory, as developed by John Bowlby and refined and extended by a host of other psychological researchers, offers a potentially powerful theoretical framework
Adolescent Attachment, Identity, and Adjustment to College: Implications for the Continuity of Adaptation Hypothesis
We examined the concurrent relationship between late adolescent attachment to parents and peers and two broad indices of adolescent adaptation—personal and social identity and adjustment to college.
Adolescent Perceived Attachment to Parents in Relation to Competence, Depression, and Anxiety
Attachment theory leads to the suggestion that the supportive function of attachment relations may be most salient during early adolescent transitions, such as the child's transition into junior
Maternal Attachment Strategies and Emotion Regulation With Adolescent Offspring
This study examined the relation between mothers' attachment strategies and emotion regulation in a sample of 42 families with two high-school-aged siblings. Maternal attachment strategies were
Emotion regulation and depressive symptoms during adolescence: A functionalist perspective
Abstract This paper uses a functionalist view of emotion to consider family factors that create risk for depressive symptoms in adolescents. Two adolescent siblings and their mothers were assessed