Attachment Dimensions and the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

  title={Attachment Dimensions and the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse},
  author={Craig Fowler and Megan R. Dillow},
  journal={Communication Research Reports},
  pages={16 - 26}
Gottman (1993, 1994a, 1994b) identified 4 types of conflict behaviors (criticism, defensiveness, contempt, and stonewalling) that are so relationally destructive that he labeled them “the four horsemen of the apocalypse.” This study argues that it is important to identify antecedents of these kinds of communication behaviors, and assesses the degree to which attachment orientations are useful predictors of them. Data from 170 individuals in established romantic relationships were used to test… 
Understanding Relationships Among the Dark Triad Personality Profile and Romantic Partners’ Conflict Communication
Consistent with calls from prior research, the aim of this study was to understand how reports of the Dark Triad (e.g., subclinical narcissism, subclinical psychopathy, and Machiavellianism) related
Insecure Attachment Predicts History of Divorce, Marriage, and Current Relationship Status
ABSTRACT The goal of this research was to test the predictive ability of attachment styles and dysfunctional relational communication patterns to predict adults’ relationship status (i.e.,
Adult Attachment Styles, Destructive Conflict Resolution, and the Experience of Intimate Partner Violence
The role of anxious attachment is highlighted in understanding escalating patterns of destructive conflict resolution strategies, which may increase the vulnerability to IPV victimization.
Avoidant attachment and own and perceived partner’s conflict resolution in relationship satisfaction
The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of conflict resolution strategies in the links between the avoidant attachment dimension and relationship satisfaction. The sample comprised 274
Assessing the Mediating Effect of Relationship Dynamics Between Perceptions of Problematic Media Use and Relationship Satisfaction
Previous research has indicated that it is common for couples to experience conflict over media use. However, until recently clinicians and researchers have not explored the implications of media use
Attachment to parents: the mediating role of inhibition of exploration and individuality on health behaviors.
The results showed that the indirect effect of physical symptoms on health behavior was significantly mediated by the father's and mother's inhibition of exploration and individuality (IEI), and that young adults who had more restrictions to their individuality show worse health behaviors.
Psychological predictors of emotional divorce: A structural equation approach
Introduction: The aim of current study was to predict emotional divorce based on emotional schemas attachment styles and with the mediating role of Gottman four factors (contempt, criticism,
Revisiting the Basics
It has been found that the presence of negative communicative techniques and emotional flooding in marital relationships negatively relates to marital satisfaction. However, current literature has
Romantic Attachment, Conflict Resolution Styles, and Teen Dating Violence Victimization
The relationships between insecure attachment styles, destructive conflict resolution strategies, self-reported and perceived in the partner, and psychological and physical victimization by a dating partner in 1298 adolescents are examined.
Text messages and romantic relationships: an investigation of mobile communication technologies, attachment processes, and relationship quality.
Mobile technologies have transformed the way that people interact with one another, and manage their friendships and intimate relationships. Text messages of love and support nurture feelings of


Associations among Relational Maintenance Behaviors, Attachment-Style Categories, and Attachment Dimensions
Simon and Baxter (1993) demonstrated that secure individuals report using more assurances and romance to maintain their romantic relationships than do dismissive individuals. The present study
Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process.
This article explores the possibility that romantic love is an attachment process--a biosocial process by which affectional bonds are formed between adult lovers, just as affectional bonds are formed
Perceptions of conflict and support in romantic relationships: the role of attachment anxiety.
Perceptions of daily relationship-based conflicts negatively impacted the perceived satisfaction/closeness and relationship futures of highly anxious individuals, whereas perceptions of greater daily support had positive effects.
Differences in Conversational Skills as a Function of Attachment Style: A Follow-up Study
A recent set of studies demonstrated that people evaluate their own and their partner's social skills differently as a function of attachment style. The present study extends this work by examining
A generic measure of relationship satisfaction.
The variety of interpersonal relationships in contemporary society necessitates the development of brief, reliable measures of satisfaction that are applicable to many types of close relationships.
The connubial crucible: newlywed years as predictors of marital delight, distress, and divorce.
The results provide little support for the idea that emergence of distress early in marriage leads to marital failure but show that disillusionment distinguishes couples headed for divorce from those who establish a stable marital bond.
Adult Romantic Attachment: Theoretical Developments, Emerging Controversies, and Unanswered Questions
The authors review the theory of romantic, or pair-bond, attachment as it was originally formulated by C. Hazan and P. R. Shaver in 1987 and describe how it has evolved over more than a decade. In
Family type and conflict: The impact of conversation orientation and conformity orientation on conflict in the family
The present study investigates the influence of conformity and conversation orientation on how families with adolescents cope with conflict. Using the data of 35 families (N = 117), statistically
Adult Attachment Styles and Aggressive Behavior within Dating Relationships
Recent developments in the application of attachment theory to the study of adult relationships are used to explain the occurrence of aggression in dating relationships. We compared individuals who
Understanding Attachment: Beliefs About Conflict
Central romantic relationships are important to people's emotional well-being throughout the life cycle (Basic Behavioral Science Task Force of the National Advisory Mental Health Council, 1996).