Attachment, exploration, and separation: illustrated by the behavior of one-year-olds in a strange situation.

@article{Ainsworth1970AttachmentEA,
  title={Attachment, exploration, and separation: illustrated by the behavior of one-year-olds in a strange situation.},
  author={Mary D. Salter Ainsworth and Silvia M. V. Bell},
  journal={Child development},
  year={1970},
  volume={41 1},
  pages={
          49-67
        }
}
cussed. As an illustration of these concepts, a study is reported of 56 white, middle-class infants, 49-51 weeks of age, in a strange situation. The presence of the mother was found to encourage exploratory behavior, her absence to depress exploration and to heighten attachment behaviors. In separation episodes such behaviors as crying and search increased. In reunion episodes proximity-seeking and contact-maintaining behaviors were heightened. In a substantial proportion of Ss, contact… Expand

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