Atrophy and hypertrophy of skeletal muscles: structural and functional aspects.

@article{Boonyarom2006AtrophyAH,
  title={Atrophy and hypertrophy of skeletal muscles: structural and functional aspects.},
  author={Onuma Boonyarom and Keiichiro Inui},
  journal={Acta physiologica},
  year={2006},
  volume={188 2},
  pages={77-89}
}
This review summarizes current information on structural and functional changes that occur during muscle atrophy and hypertrophy. Most published studies consider an increase in total mass of a muscle as hypertrophy, whereas a decrease in total mass of a muscle is referred to as atrophy. In hypertrophy, the rate of synthesis is much higher than the rate of degradation of muscle contractile proteins, leading to an increase in the size or volume of an organ due to enlargement of existing cells… CONTINUE READING

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