The results of two-dimensional echocardiography and biplane angiocardiography from 47 infants with congenital atrioventricular (AV) valve abnormalities were compared. Eleven patients had atresia of the right AV valve, 10 had atresia of the left AV valve, 4 had hypoplasia of the right AV valve and 5 had hypoplasia of the left AV valve. Twelve patients had endocardial cushion defect, three had single ventricle and two had straddling of the left AV valve. There was agreement between the two techniques as to the number of AV valves present in each patient. The echocardiographic estimate of valve anular diameter was below normal in seven of the eight patients thought to have a hypoplastic anulus by angiocardiography. In 10 of the 12 patients with endocardial cushion defect, there was agreement between the two techniques as to the presence or absence of atrial and ventricular septal defect. The chordal attachments of straddling valves were better visualized by echocardiography; flow patterns and effective orifice size were better demonstrated by angiocardiography. The subcostal four chamber echocardiographic views and cranially angulated oblique angiocardiographic views were comparable and provided the best images for determination of the size and number of AV valves and their relation to the atrial and ventricular septa.