To evaluate the possibility that atrial natriuretic hormone (ANH) is involved in dopamine induced natriuresis and diuresis, we studied five normal male volunteers. Each was studied on two occasions. During the first two hours of each study, normal saline, 25 ml/hr, was infused. During the second two hours either normal saline, 25 ml/hr, or dopamine, 4 micrograms/kg/min, in normal saline, was infused. Dopamine infusion caused prominent and significant natriuresis and diuresis but plasma levels of immunoreactive ANH levels did not change. We conclude that the ANH is not involved in dopamine induced natriuresis and that dopaminergic stimulation is not responsible for ANH secretion.