Atopic eczema and domestic water hardness

  title={Atopic eczema and domestic water hardness},
  author={N. Mcnally and H C Williams and David R Phillips and Matthew R. Smallman-Raynor and Sarah A. Lewis and Andrea J Venn and John R. Britton},
  journal={The Lancet},
Ever Eczema and Itchy Rash in Relation to Domestic Environments in Primary School Children
The findings confirmed several environmental risk factors responsible for ever eczema and itchy rash, and suggested that domestic particle sources may be linked with the occurrence of ever Itchy rash among primary school children.
Prevalence of atopic dermatitis in infants by domestic water hardness and season of birth: Cohort study
Water hardness and eczema at 1 and 4 y of age in the INMA birth cohort.
Comparison of Dietary Behavior between Atopic Dermatitis Patients and Controls in Elementary School Students Living in the Sung-nam Area
The results demonstrated that alterations in eating habits and the intake of certain foods may not be a critical cause associated with the risk of AD in school-age children, and caution should be taken in recommending food elimination diets for the purpose of preventing AD.
Environmental risk factors and their role in the management of atopic dermatitis
There is a complex interplay between different environmental factors, including individual use of personal care products and exposure to climate, pollution, food and other exogenous factors, crucial to developing targeted interventions to prevent the disease in millions.
Prevalence of atopic eczema and related symptoms in Brazilian schoolchildren: results from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) phase 3.
The prevalence of Eczema and related symptoms is variable in Brazil, where the highest prevalence is found in the north and northeast; on the other hand, a higher prevalence of severe eczema was observed in Brazilian centers in the south.
Eczema and allergic sensitisation - what is the link? : review article
The current hypothesis is that allergic sensitisation to food and aero-allergens occurs across the impaired skin barrier seen in eczema, making this an important target for therapeutic intervention, either through primary Eczema prevention, e.g. by using moisturisers in high-risk children from birth, or through proactive control of early-onset disease.


Community validation of the United Kingdom diagnostic criteria for atopic dermatitis in Romanian schoolchildren
This study suggests that the U.K. criteria for atopic dermatitis diagnostic criteria perform well in settings outside theU.K.
Validation of the U.K. diagnostic criteria for atopic dermatitis in a population setting
The newly proposed diagnostic criteria for AD appear to work well as a 1‐year period prevalence measure in London schoolchildren, and further validation in adults and other countries are needed.
International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC): rationale and methods.
The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), was founded to maximize the value of epidemiological research into asthma and allergic disease, by establishing a standardized methodology and facilitating international collaboration.
Questionnaire study of effect of sex and age on the prevalence of wheeze and asthma in adolescence
The age and sex specific prevalence of self reported wheeze and diagnosed asthma in 11-16 year old children attending secondary schools in the Nottingham area was measured.
Pathophysiology of itching in urticaria and atopic dermatitis
Itching, or pruritus, is defined as an unpleasant sensation which provokes the desire to scratch, and some investigators have developed methods for measurement of scratching, as this is the objective correlate to itching.
The Epidemiology of Primary Acute Pancreatitis in the Nottingham Defined Population Area
The purpose of this investigation is to analyse the incidence and spatial distribution of primary acute pancreatitis within the population of one large urban area, and to identify potentially significant aetiological factors in the socio-environmental milieu.
Increasing prevalence of wheeze and asthma in Nottingham primary schoolchildren 1988-1995.
The prevalence of asthma has continued to rise in British schoolchildren since the late 1980s, particularly in females, and across all ages.
Eczema in Childhood: The Facts
1.: The normal skin. 2.: What is eczema?. 3.: Why atopic?. 4.: What is atopic eczema?. 5.: What are the causes of atopic eczema?. 6.: What is the outlook?. 7.: Skin infections. 8.: How should eczema