Atopic eczema and domestic water hardness

  title={Atopic eczema and domestic water hardness},
  author={NJ McNally and H. Williams and D. Phillips and M. Smallman-Raynor and J. Britton},
  journal={The Lancet},
  • NJ McNally, H. Williams, +2 authors J. Britton
  • Published 1998
  • Medicine
  • The Lancet
  • BACKGROUND The environment plays an important part in the aetiology of atopic eczema, but specific causes are unknown. Exposure to hard water is thought to be a risk factor for eczema. We undertook an ecological study of the relation between domestic water hardness and the prevalence of eczema among Nottinghamshire schoolchildren. METHODS Questionnaire details of 1-year period and lifetime prevalence of eczema were obtained from parents of 4141 randomly selected primary-school children and… CONTINUE READING
    163 Citations

    Topics from this paper

    Prevalence of atopic dermatitis in infants by domestic water hardness and season of birth: Cohort study
    • 42
    • Highly Influenced
    Water hardness and eczema at 1 and 4 y of age in the INMA birth cohort.
    • 8
    • Highly Influenced
    The effect of water hardness on atopic eczema, skin barrier function: A systematic review, meta‐analysis
    • Z. K. Jabbar-Lopez, C. Ung, +6 authors C. Flohr
    • Medicine
    • Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
    • 2020
    Environmental risk factors and their role in the management of atopic dermatitis
    • 83


    International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC): rationale and methods.
    • 2,958
    • PDF
    A speculative view of atopic dermatitis: barrier dysfunction in pathogenesis.
    • 93
    Eczema in Childhood: The Facts
    • 13