Atmospheric oxygenation three billion years ago

@article{Crowe2013AtmosphericOT,
  title={Atmospheric oxygenation three billion years ago},
  author={Sean A. Crowe and Lasse N. D{\o}ssing and Nicolas Beukes and Michael Bau and S. J. Pinker D. Kruger and Robert Frei and Donald E. Canfield},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2013},
  volume={501},
  pages={535-538}
}
It is widely assumed that atmospheric oxygen concentrations remained persistently low (less than 10−5 times present levels) for about the first 2 billion years of Earth’s history. The first long-term oxygenation of the atmosphere is thought to have taken place around 2.3 billion years ago, during the Great Oxidation Event. Geochemical indications of transient atmospheric oxygenation, however, date back to 2.6–2.7 billion years ago. Here we examine the distribution of chromium isotopes and redox… 

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Benthic perspective on Earth’s oldest evidence for oxygenic photosynthesis

It is numerically demonstrated that local O2 production and immediate consumption in surface-bound (benthic) microbial ecosystems at profound disequilibrium conditions is the most parsimonious explanation for this delay in atmospheric oxygenation, and support the plausible antiquity of a terrestrial biosphere populated by cyanobacteria well before the GOE.
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