Atmospheric ions and nucleation: a review of observations

@inproceedings{Hirsikko2010AtmosphericIA,
  title={Atmospheric ions and nucleation: a review of observations},
  author={Anne Hirsikko and Tomi Nieminen and Stéphanie Gagné and Katrianne Lehtipalo and Hanna Elina Manninen and Mikael Ehn and Urmas H{\~o}rrak and Veli-Matti Kerminen and Lauri Laakso and Peter H. Mcmurry and Aadu Mirme and Sander Mirme and Tuukka Pet{\"a}j{\"a} and Hannes Tammet and Ville Vakkari and M. Vana and Markku Kulmala},
  year={2010}
}
Abstract. This review is based on ca. 260 publications, 93 of which included data on the temporal and spatial variation of the concentration of small ions ( −3 . However, concentrations up to 5000 cm −3 have been observed. The results are in agreement with observations of ion production rates in the atmosphere. We also summarised observations on the conversion of small ions to intermediate ions, which can act as embryos for new atmospheric aerosol particles. Those observations include the… CONTINUE READING

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