Atmospheric dispersion correction for the FORS Focal Reducers at the ESO VLT

@inproceedings{vila1997AtmosphericDC,
  title={Atmospheric dispersion correction for the FORS Focal Reducers at the ESO VLT},
  author={Gerardo {\'A}vila and Gero Rupprecht and Jacques Maurice Beckers},
  booktitle={Other Conferences},
  year={1997}
}
The need for atmospheric dispersion correction on large telescopes is well known. Therefore it was decided to implement atmospheric dispersion correctors for FORS, the focal reducer/spectrographs of the ESO very large telescope. The boundary conditions at the VLT Cassegrain foci excluded however all previously known ADC concepts and therefore we were forced to design a new one, the longitudinal atmospheric dispersion corrector (LADC) consisting of two thin prisms with variable distance. This… 
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References

Atmospheric Refraction Effects on the Norris and Keck Multiobject Spectrographs
Large field spectrographs are severely influenced by atmospheric refraction. The authors discuss the effect of differential refraction across the field as well as the chromatic effects for the Norris