Atlantoaxial disorders in rheumatoid arthritis associate with the destruction of peripheral and shoulder joints, and decreased bone mineral density.


OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether cervical spine changes are associated with the destruction of shoulder or peripheral joints and with bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with long-term RA. METHODS An inception cohort of 67 patients with seropositive and erosive RA were followed up for 20 years. Cervical spine, shoulder, hand and foot radiographs, and the… (More)


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