Atkins and other low-carbohydrate diets: hoax or an effective tool for weight loss?

@article{Astrup2004AtkinsAO,
  title={Atkins and other low-carbohydrate diets: hoax or an effective tool for weight loss?},
  author={Arne Astrup and Thomas Meinert Larsen and Angela Harper},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2004},
  volume={364},
  pages={897-899}
}
An update on low-carbohydrate, high-protein diets
TLDR
Low carbohydrate diets may be effective in helping people to lose weight, however, more long-term studies need to be performed to better evaluate efficacy, safety, and impact on metabolic profile.
Popular weight-loss diets: from evidence to practice
  • V. Malik, F. Hu
  • Medicine
    Nature Clinical Practice Cardiovascular Medicine
  • 2007
TLDR
Evidence indicates that low-carbohydrate diets could be better in terms of short-term weight loss relative to traditional low-fat diets, but little is known about their long-term utility and safety.
Low-carbohydrate diet review: shifting the paradigm.
TLDR
The metabolic, hormonal, and appetite signaling effects of carbohydrate reduction suggest an underlying scientific basis for considering it as an alternative approach to LF, high-carbohydrate recommendations in addressing overweight/obesity and chronic disease in America.
Comparison of Dietary Approaches to Treat Obesity Based on the Different Carbohydrate/Fat Content: Impact on Weight Loss and Lipid Profile
TLDR
There are other factors that determine weight loss induced by dieting such as gender, age, initial body weight, race, genetics, regional fat deposition, etc, and more research is needed, particularly on studies about the impact of those diets with different fuel substrates on the characteristics of the weight loss and changes in blood lipid profile.
Carbohydrates as macronutrients in relation to protein and fat for body weight control
  • A. Astrup
  • Medicine
    International Journal of Obesity
  • 2006
TLDR
The predominant mechanism for the weight loss effect is the lower energy density of the fat-reduced diet, so that this diet provides more food volume and weight for less energy, and hence greater satiating effect than a higher-fat diet.
Low-Carbohydrate Diets in Korea: Why Does It Matter, and What Is Next?
TLDR
Meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials revealed that low-carbohydrate diets are at least as effective as low-fat diets in terms of weight loss, but their cardiovascular effects vary.
Low-carbohydrate diets: An update on current research
TLDR
Current research suggests that low-carbohydrate diets can be a viable option for achieving weight loss and may have beneficial effects on glycemic control, triglyceride levels, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in some patients.
Comparison of a very low-calorie-ketogenic diet with a standard low-calorie diet in the treatment of obesity
TLDR
In a group of obese patients, the VLCK diet was significantly more effective than a standard LC diet and lean mass was well preserved at one year follow-up.
Effects of a high-protein ketogenic diet on hunger, appetite, and weight loss in obese men feeding ad libitum.
TLDR
In the short term, high-protein, low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets reduce hunger and lower food intake significantly more than do high- protein, medium- Carbohydrate nonketogenic diets.
Association between a High-fat Low-carbohydrate Diet and Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Truth or Myth?
TLDR
While many cross-sectional studies have investigated specialized diet programs for patients with non-alcoholic liver disease, no random-ized controlled studies have been performed, except for some that investigated the effect of high consumption of unsaturated fatty acids as part of the Mediterranean diet.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 22 REFERENCES
A low-carbohydrate as compared with a low-fat diet in severe obesity.
TLDR
Severely obese subjects with a high prevalence of diabetes or the metabolic syndrome lost more weight during six months on a carbohydrate- restricted diet than on a calorie- and fat-restricted diet, with a relative improvement in insulin sensitivity and triglyceride levels, even after adjustment for the amount of weight lost.
A Low-Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet versus a Low-Fat Diet To Treat Obesity and Hyperlipidemia
TLDR
Body weight, body composition, serum lipid levels, and adverse effects over 24 weeks in hyperlipidemic persons who were randomly assigned to follow a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic, or low-fat, low-cholesterol, reduced-calorie diet are examined.
The Effects of Low-Carbohydrate versus Conventional Weight Loss Diets in Severely Obese Adults: One-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Trial
TLDR
The findings 1 year after randomization to a low-carbohydrate diet versus a high-fat weight loss diet (conventional diet) in severely obese adults with a high prevalence of diabetes or the metabolic syndrome are reported.
A randomized trial comparing a very low carbohydrate diet and a calorie-restricted low fat diet on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women.
TLDR
A very low carbohydrate diet is more effective than a low fat diet for short-term weight loss and, over 6 months, is not associated with deleterious effects on important cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women.
Randomized trial on protein vs carbohydrate in ad libitum fat reduced diet for the treatment of obesity
TLDR
Replacement of some dietary carbohydrate by protein in an ad libitum fat-reduced diet, improves weight loss and increases the proportion of subjects achieving a clinically relevant weight loss.
Effect of fat-reduced diets on 24-h energy expenditure: comparisons between animal protein, vegetable protein, and carbohydrate.
TLDR
The effects of pork-meat protein, soy protein, and carbohydrate on 24-h energy expenditure were compared and differences in energy expenditure remained unchanged after adjustment for differences in 24-H energy balance.
Popular diets: a scientific review.
TLDR
The objective of this article is to review the scientific literature on various types of popular diets based on their macronutrient composition in an attempt to answer questions about weight loss and/or weight maintenance.
Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin.
TLDR
Lifestyle changes and treatment with metformin both reduced the incidence of diabetes in persons at high risk and the lifestyle intervention was more effective than meetformin.
...
...