Atelectasis Formation During Anesthesia: Causes and Measures to Prevent It

  title={Atelectasis Formation During Anesthesia: Causes and Measures to Prevent It},
  author={G{\"o}ran Hedenstierna and Hans Ulrich Rothen},
  journal={Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing},
Pulmonary gas exchange is regularly impaired during general anaesthesia with mechanical ventilation. This results in decreased oxygenation of blood. A major cause is collapse of lung tissue (atelectasis), which can be demonstrated by computed tomography but not by conventional chest x-ray. Collapsed lung tissue is present in 90% of all subjects, both during spontaneous breathing and after muscle paralysis, and whether intravenous or inhalational anaesthetics are used. There is a correlation… CONTINUE READING


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