Asymmetry theory and China's concept of multipolarity

  title={Asymmetry theory and China's concept of multipolarity},
  author={Brantly Womack},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary China},
  • Brantly Womack
  • Published 1 May 2004
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Contemporary China
Since 1986 the concept of multipolarity has played a key role in China's analysis of the world order, evolving from a critique of bipolarity in the late Cold War period into a critique of American unipolarity. Although multipolarity is empirically correct in its questioning of the superpower's capacity for domination and it is ethically attractive in its insistence on international cooperation, it does not address the real problems created by the disparity of power in international affairs… 

A Russian Challenge to Multipolarity?

This article focuses on the attitudes in Latin American countries toward Russia’s newly assertive foreign policies since the annexation of Crimea. Without trying to analyze the Ukrainian events as


The article analyze the nature and content of bilateral Canadian-American asymmetric relations with uses the general scientific methods of empirical knowledge. The asymmetry of quantitative and

Multipolarity, Multilateralism and Beyond …? EU– China Understandings of the International System

The European Union (EU) and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) both use the terms ‘multipolarity’ and ‘multilateralism’ in their ‘public diplomacy’ rhetoric and in their analyses of the

Sino-Russian Relations and the War in Ukraine

: Claims that China has taken “Russia’s side” in the Ukrainian War oversimplify Sino-Russian relations. We contend Sino-Russian relations are a narrow partnership centered on accelerating the

China’s Foreign Policy and Critical Theory of International Relations

Informed by the ongoing structural shifts in inter-state relations, this study proposes Critical Theory of International Relations (CTIR) as a framework to analyze China’s foreign policy doctrine. It

The great asymmetry : America's closest allies in times of war

This dissertation focuses on military cooperation between the United States and its special allies. It argues that alliance expectations determine the level of military cooperation, while two

The Third Side? The Multipolar Strategic Triangle and the Sino-Indian Rapprochement

In a move aimed at balancing America's position in the unipolar international system, Russian Foreign Minister Primakov proposed the formation of a “strategic triangle” of Russia, China, and India to

Building a More "Democratic" and "Multipolar" World: China's Strategic Engagement with Developing Countries

is article contextualizes and clari es the political and security components of China’s contemporary strategic engagement with developing countries. Over the last decade, China has adopted a more

Chinese–Russian economic relations: developing the infrastructure of a multipolar global political economy?

This article situates Russian–Chinese relations within a wider emerging infrastructure of multipolarity to consider how such relations signal a complex and multifaceted ‘decentering’ of the global

Associated Dependent Cooperation: Asymmetrical Strategic Relations between Colombia and the United States

The “exportation” of security has become a core component of Colombia’s foreign policy. Although the cooperation provided for third parties is a result of the country’s strategy to increase its own



Four Contradictions Constraining China's Foreign Policy Behavior

Beijing's foreign policy behavior is constantly tested by a set of conflicting variables. China views itself as a major power and wants to play a role accordingly in the world arena, while it always

China Debates the Future Security Environment

Abstract By Michael Pillsbury Washington, D.C.: National Defense University Press, 2000 382 pp., $22.00, paperback.

Grasping The Democratic Peace

Zhanwang 1986 nian guoji xingshi' ['Prospects for the 1986 international situation

  • Zhanwang 1986 nian guoji xingshi' ['Prospects for the 1986 international situation
  • 1986

speech to the French International Relations Institute, reported in Renmin Ribao [People's Daily] English edition

  • speech to the French International Relations Institute, reported in Renmin Ribao [People's Daily] English edition
  • 2001

People's Daily] English edition

  • People's Daily] English edition
  • 1999

This argument is well developed by Zhang Yunlin Huoban haishi duishou: Tiaozheng zhong di Zhong Mei Ri E guangxi [Partners or Adversaries: Relations between China

  • America, Japan and Russia in Readjustment] (Beijing: Shehui Kexue Wenxian Chubanshe
  • 2001