Astronomy in Antarctica

  title={Astronomy in Antarctica},
  author={Michael G. Burton},
  journal={The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review},
  • M. Burton
  • Published 1 October 2004
  • Physics
  • The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review
Antarctica provides a unique environment for astronomers to practice their trade. The cold, dry and stable air found above the high Antarctic plateau, as well as the pure ice below, offers new opportunities for the conduct of observational astronomy across both the photon and the particle spectrum. The summits of the Antarctic plateau provide the best seeing conditions, the darkest skies and the most transparent atmosphere of any earth-based observing site. Astronomical activities are now… 
The Antarctic high plateau offers exceptional conditions for infrared and terahertz astronomy, as well as for programs requiring long, uninterrupted periods for measurements made with high cadence
Review of Antarctic astronomy
  • J. Storey
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • 2012
Abstract Astronomers have always sought the best sites for their telescopes. Antarctica, with its high plateau reaching to above 4,000 metres, intense cold, exceptionally low humidity and stable
The Evolving Science Case for a large Optical – Infrared Telescope in Antarctica
The summits of the Antarctic plateau provide superlative conditions for optical and infrared astronomy on account of the dry, cold and stable atmosphere. A telescope on one would be more sensitive,
Robotic telescopes on the Antarctic plateau
The high plateau that covers half of the continent of Antarctica contains the best astronomical observing sites on Earth. The infrared sky background is low, the precipitable water vapour is low, the
The PLATO Antarctic site testing observatory
Over a decade of site testing in Antarctica has shown that both South Pole and Dome C are exceptional sites for astronomy, with certain atmospheric conditions superior to those at existing
Thermalizing a telescope in Antarctica – analysis of ASTEP observations
The installation and operation of a telescope in Antarctica represent particular challenges, in particular the requirement to operate at extremely cold temperatures, to cope with rapid temperature
Transit Search from Antarctica and Chile—Comparison and Combination
Observing sites at the east-Antarctic plateau are considered to provide exceptional conditions for astronomy. The aim of this work is to assess its potential for detecting transiting extrasolar
Astronomy from Dome A in Antarctica
Dome A in Antarctica has been demonstrated to be the best site on earth for optical, infrared, and terahertz astronomical observations by more and more evidence, such as excellent free-atmosphere
Dome A on the Antarctic plateau is likely one of the best observing sites on Earth thanks to the excellent atmospheric conditions present at the site during the long polar winter night. We present


Astronomy from Antarctica
Astronomers have always sought the very best locations for their telescopes. From observatories in city centres, astronomers moved first to nearby mountain tops, then to remote sites in distant
First Measurements of the Infrared Sky Brightness at Dome C, Antarctica
Dome C, Antarctica, (75 south, 123 east, 3250 m) is one of the coldest and driest locations on Earth, with exceptionally low winds throughout the atmosphere. It therefore has the potential to be an
Astronomy and Astrophysics from Antarctica
The Antarctic plateau is a new frontier for astronomy, offering superior observing conditions to those of any other groundbased site across most of the electromagnetic spectrum. The established
The Antarctic Submillimeter Telescope and Remote Observatory (AST/RO)
AST/RO, a 1.7 m diameter telescope for astronomy and aeronomy studies at wavelengths between 200 and 2000 μm, was installed at South Pole during the 1994-95 Austral summer. The telescope operates
The Potential of Differential Astrometric Interferometry from the High Antarctic Plateau
Abstract The low infrared background and high atmospheric transparency are the principal advantages of Antarctic Plateau sites for astronomy. However, the poor seeing (between 1 and 3 as) negates
Exceptional astronomical seeing conditions above Dome C in Antarctica
Observations of the wintertime seeing from Dome C, a high point on the Antarctic plateau at a latitude of 75° S, are reported, and the results are remarkable: the median seeing is 0.27 arcsec, and below 0.15‬arcsec 25 per cent of the time.
Infrared and Submillimeter Atmospheric Characteristics of High Antarctic Plateau Sites
The best ground-based astronomical sites in terms of telescope sensitivity at infrared and submillimeter wavelengths are located on the Antarctic Plateau, where high atmospheric transparency and low
Auroral Contribution to Sky Brightness for Optical Astronomy on the Antarctic Plateau
Abstract The Antarctic Plateau holds great promise for optical astronomy. One relatively unstudied feature of the polar night sky for optical astronomical observing is the potential contamination of
Extrasolar planet science with the Antarctic planet interferometer
The primary limitation to ground based astronomy is the Earth's atmosphere. The atmosphere above the Antarctic plateau is different in many regards compared to the atmosphere at temperate sites. The
Future plans for astronomy at Dome Fuji
  • T. Ichikawa
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • 2009
Abstract In Antarctica the cold and dry air is expected to provide the best observing conditions on the Earth for astronomical observations from the infra-red to the sub-millimetre. To utilise these