Asthenia—Does It Exist in Space?

  title={Asthenia—Does It Exist in Space?},
  author={Nick Kanas and Vyacheslav P Salnitskiy and Vadim I Gushin and Daniel S. Weiss and Ellen M. Grund and Christopher F. Flynn and O. P. Kozerenko and Alexander Sled and Charles R Marmar},
  journal={Psychosomatic Medicine},
Objective First popularized as neurasthenia in the late 1800s by American George Beard, asthenia has been viewed by Russian psychologists and flight surgeons as a major problem that affects cosmonauts participating in long-duration space missions. However, there is some controversy about whether this syndrome exists in space; this controversy is attributable in part to the fact that it is not recognized in the current American psychiatric diagnostic system. Methods To address this issue… 
Different Perspectives on Asthenia in Astronauts and Cosmonauts: International Research Literature
This report was a collaborative international work effort focused on the evaluation and determination of the importance of continuing research on asthenia as a possible psychological problem that might affect the optimal psychological functioning among crewmembers during long-duration space flight missions.
Psychosocial issues in space: results from Shuttle/Mir.
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Important psychosocial issues involving tension, cohesion, leader support, and displacement of negative emotions were evaluated in a 4 1/2-year study involving five U.S. and four Russian Shuttle/Mir space missions, and there was strong evidence to support the hypothesized displacement of tension and negative emotions from crewmembers to mission control personnel and from missions control personnel to management.
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Exploring space is one of themost attractive goals that humanity ever set, notwithstanding, there are some psychological and psychopathological risks that should be considered. Several studies
Space missions: Psychological and Psychopathological issue.
Further studies are needed, perhaps, requiring the birth of a novel branch of psychology/psychiatry that should not only consider the risks related to space exploration, but the implementation of targeted strategies to prevent them.
Based on our previous studies of astronauts, cosmonauts, and Russian psychiatric patients, we hypothesized tha t the patterning of mood states among space program personnel would vary by culture,
Development and Validation of the Cognition Test Battery for Spaceflight.
The first normative and acute total sleep deprivation data on the Cognition test battery are described as well as several efforts underway to establish the validity, sensitivity, feasibility, and acceptability of Cognition.
Behavioral and psychological issues in long-duration head-down bed rest.
Psychological support and training provided to both subjects and study personnel have successfully improved the well being of study participants, indicating Behavioral health services are indispensable to long-duration head-down bed rest studies.
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This chapter reviews the stressors and countermeasures that affect crew behavioral health and performance during space flight. This review is based on the experiences of crewed space flight in both


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  • N. Kanas
  • Psychology
    Aviation, space, and environmental medicine
  • 1991
The author summarizes the Soviet experience in dealing with psychological and interpersonal factors related to long-duration space missions with focus on enhancing behavioral and autonomic adaptation.
Psychiatric issues affecting long duration space missions.
  • N. Kanas
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Aviation, space, and environmental medicine
  • 1998
Although much is known about psychiatric issues related to long duration manned space travel, more empirical work needs to be done during actual space missions.
Crewmember communication in space: a survey of astronauts and cosmonauts.
A total of 54 astronauts and cosmonauts returned questionnaires which addressed various aspects of crewmember communication in space. All respondents believed that crewmembers should be fluent in one
Crewmember and ground personnel interactions over time during Shuttle/Mir space missions.
The absence of moderate to strong support for the biphasic model suggests that crewmember interpersonal functioning does not depend appreciably on 1st half/2nd half time effects and countermeasures need to be developed to deal with this phenomenon in both crewmembers and mission control personnel.
Interpersonal and cultural issues involving crews and ground personnel during Shuttle/Mir space missions.
In future long-duration space missions, countermeasures should focus on providing support for crewmembers from a culture in the minority, and crews should include more than one representative from this culture.
The International Biomedical Expedition to the Antarctic: Psychological Evaluations of the Field Party
Psychological studies of IBEA participants were conducted to test the efficacy of various methods of psychological assessment and to explore the effects of field conditions on psychological
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Thus wrote Burrough (1985), a staff reporter of The Wall Street Journal, as a leader to the second of two articles on life in Antarctica. Another report, by Reinhold in the New York Times in 1982,