Happily (n)ever after: Aging in the context of oxidative stress, proteostasis loss and cellular senescence
Sqstm1/p62 functions in the non-canonical activation of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2). However, its physiological relevance is not certain. Here, we show that p62(-/-) mice exhibited an accelerated presentation of ageing phenotypes, and tissues from these mice created a pro-oxidative environment owing to compromised mitochondrial electron transport. Accordingly, mitochondrial function rapidly declined with age in p62(-/-) mice. In addition, p62 enhanced basal Nrf2 activity, conferring a higher steady-state expression of NAD(P)H dehydrogenase, quinone 1 (Nqo1) to maintain mitochondrial membrane potential and, thereby, restrict excess oxidant generation. Together, the p62-Nrf2-Nqo1 cascade functions to assure mammalian longevity by stabilizing mitochondrial integrity.