Associations of sugar-containing beverages with asthma prevalence in 11-year-old children: the PIAMA birth cohort

Abstract

Background/objectives:Recently, a few studies have linked soft drink consumption to increased asthma risk, but the contribution of different types of soft drinks is unknown. We investigated cross-sectional associations between six different types of soft drinks and asthma in 11-year-old children.Subjects/methods:We analyzed data of 2406 children participating in the Dutch Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy birth cohort. At age 11, children self-reported consumption of sugar-added drinks, diet drinks, sweetened milk drinks, 100% fruit juice, energy drinks and sport drinks. The definition of asthma was based on parental reports of wheezing, prescription of inhaled corticosteroids and doctor’s diagnosis of asthma.Results:The prevalence of asthma in this study was 5.8%. In adjusted logistic regression analyses, asthma risk was increased for high (⩾10 glasses/week (gl/wk) versus low (<4 gl/wk) consumption of 100% fruit juice (odds ratio (OR): 2.09, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.21–3.60), sugar-added drinks (OR: 1.56, 95%CI: 0.95–2.56) and for very high (>21.5 gl/wk) versus low (<12.5 gl/wk) total sugar-containing beverage (SCB) consumption (OR: 1.91, 95%CI: 1.04–3.48). Consumption of other beverages and consumption of fruit were not associated with increased asthma risk. No evidence for mediation of the observed associations by body mass index was found.Conclusions:This study indicates that high consumption of 100% fruit juice and total SCBs is associated with increased asthma risk in children. The positive association between consumption of 100% fruit juice and asthma is an unexpected finding that needs confirmation in future studies.

DOI: 10.1038/ejcn.2014.153
050100150201520162017
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@article{Berentzen2015AssociationsOS, title={Associations of sugar-containing beverages with asthma prevalence in 11-year-old children: the PIAMA birth cohort}, author={Nina E. Berentzen and V L van Stokkom and Ulrike Gehring and Gerard H Koppelman and Laura A. Schaap and Henri{\"{e}tte A. Smit and Alet H. Wijga}, journal={European Journal of Clinical Nutrition}, year={2015}, volume={69}, pages={303-308} }