Associations between organizational injustice and work ability, self-reported disability days, and medical consultations: cross-sectional findings from employees with prior sickness absence payments.

Abstract

PURPOSE The aim of the study was to identify associations between organizational injustice and work ability, disability days, and consultations with general practitioners. METHODS Cross-sectional data of persons previously receiving sickness absence benefits were used for analyses. Organizational injustice was assessed using a German version of the "organizational justice questionnaire". Dependent variables were the Work Ability Index, self-reported disability days, and consultations with general practitioners. Associations were adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, behavioral health risks, neuroticism, effort-reward imbalance, and overcommitment. RESULTS The analysis included 2983 employed persons (54.1% women, mean age: 47.9 years). High organizational injustice was associated with poor work ability (OR = 2.04, 95% CI 1.55-2.69). There were also slight associations with frequent self-reported disability days (OR = 1.34, 95% CI 1.06-1.68). The dependent variables were also associated with the effort-reward ratio and overcommitment. CONCLUSION Organizational injustice is associated with work ability, self-reported disability days, and health-care utilization. Results support the notion of a complementary role of the models of organizational justice and effort-reward imbalance.

DOI: 10.1007/s00420-017-1242-y

Cite this paper

@article{Spanier2017AssociationsBO, title={Associations between organizational injustice and work ability, self-reported disability days, and medical consultations: cross-sectional findings from employees with prior sickness absence payments.}, author={Katja Spanier and Elke E M Peters and Elliot Michel and Friedrich Michael Radoschewski and Matthias Bethge}, journal={International archives of occupational and environmental health}, year={2017}, volume={90 8}, pages={789-797} }