Associations between cytokines, endocrine stress response, and gastrointestinal symptoms in autism spectrum disorder.


Many children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have significant gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, but the etiology is currently unknown. Some individuals with ASD show altered reactivity to stress and altered immune markers relative to typically-developing individuals, particularly stress-responsive cytokines including tumor necrosis factor… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2016.05.009


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