Associations among wild orang-utans: sociality, passive aggregations or chance_?


Encounters and associations between adult male, adult female and subadult male orang-utans, Pongo pygmaeus, were examined at the Kutai National Park and Gunung Palung Nature Reserve, Indonesia. Observed rates of encounters, durations of associations and proportions of time spent in associations of two members of each age-sex class from each population were… (More)


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