Common SNPs in CSF2RB are associated with major depression and schizophrenia in the Chinese Han population.
Colony stimulating factor 2 receptor, beta (CSF2RB) is the shared subunit of receptors for interleukin 3 (IL3), colony stimulating factor 2 (CSF2) and IL5, and is responsible for the initiation of signal transduction triggered by ligand binding. In our previous study, we showed the evidence that the IL3 gene is associated with schizophrenia and the associations observed are sex-specific and dependent on family history (FH). In this article, we studied 10 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the CSF2RB gene in the Irish Study of High-Density Schizophrenia Families (ISHDSF) and the Irish Case – Control Study of Schizophrenia (ICCSS), and tested allele and haplotype associations with schizophrenia. Using the pedigree disequilibrium test, we found that two markers (rs11705394 and rs7285064) reached nominal significance. In sex-stratified analyses, for both the markers the association signals were mainly derived from male subjects. In the ICCSS sample, we found that several markers (rs2072707, rs2284031 and rs909486) showed sex-specific and FH-dependent associations with schizophrenia. In multimarker haplotype analyses, both ISHDSF and ICCSS samples showed globally significant associations in multiple linkage disequilibrium (LD) blocks sharing minimal LD. Since CSF2RB is essential for IL3 signaling, the findings that both IL3 and CSF2RB showed sex-specific and FH-dependent associations suggest that the IL3 pathway is involved in schizophrenia.