Association ofBactericera cockerelli (Homoptera: Psyllidae) with “Zebra Chip,” a New Potato Disease in Southwestern United States and Mexico

@inproceedings{Munyaneza2007AssociationOC,
  title={Association ofBactericera cockerelli (Homoptera: Psyllidae) with “Zebra Chip,” a New Potato Disease in Southwestern United States and Mexico},
  author={Joseph E. Munyaneza and James M. Crosslin and Jeffrey E. Upton},
  booktitle={Journal of economic entomology},
  year={2007}
}
Abstract A new defect of potato,Solanum tuberosum L., “zebra chip,” so named for the characteristic symptoms that develop in fried chips from infected potato tubers, has recently been documented in several southwestern states of the United States, in Mexico, and in Central America. This defect is causing millions of dollars in losses to both potato producers and processors. Zebra chip plant symptoms resemble those caused by potato purple top and psyllid yellows diseases. Experiments were… 
Potato zebra chip disease: a phytopathological tale.
TLDR
The history of this disease, symptomatology, hosts, distribution, and the recent association of an insect-transmitted bacterium with the ZC disease of potato and diseases of other solanaceous crops in multiple locations worldwide are examined.
Further Evidence that Zebra Chip Potato Disease in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas is Associated with Bactericera cockerelli
TLDR
Control exposure and exclusion field experiments in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas indicated that there was a strong association between the potato psyllid and ZC, and plants exposed to psyllids developed typical ZC symptoms in both raw tubers and fried chips.
Impact of Different Potato Psyllid Populations on Zebra Chip Disease Incidence, Severity, and Potato Yield
TLDR
Results indicated that ZC symptom severity in fried chips was correlated with ZC severity in raw tubers and with tuber weight, and the impact of potato psyllid on potato yield and processing quality was highly significant.
Assessment of Potato Psyllid Bactericera cockerelli (Hemiptera: Triozidae) and Zebra Chip Disease in Four Commercial Potato Varieties in the Columbia Basin
TLDR
There was a positive relationship between the number of infective psyllids and disease incidence in 2011, while no relationship was detected in 2012, and all varieties were equally susceptible to the disease, Ranger Russet numerically had the highest ZC incidence in tubers and Umatilla Russet the lowest.
Phenotypic and Etiological Differences Between Psyllid Yellows and Zebra Chip Diseases of Potato
TLDR
Although an association between liberibacter and ZC has been established, no pathogen is yet associated with potato psyllid yellows and mechanisms by which psyllID yellows symptoms are induced by the potato psyLLid remain unclear.
Effects of Liberibacter-Infective Bactericera cockerelli (Hemiptera: Triozidae) Density on Zebra Chip Potato Disease Incidence, Potato Yield, and Tuber Processing Quality
TLDR
Experiments showed that a single adult potato psyllid was capable of inoculating liberibacter to potato and causing ZC disease after a 72-h inoculation access period and was as damaging as 25 psyllids per plant, and both glucose and sucrose were found to have highly elevated concentrations in ZC-diseased potato tubers compared with noninfected ones.
COMPARATIVE BIOLOGY OF POTATO PSYLLID, BACTERICERA COCKERELLI (HEMIPTERA: TRIOZIDAE) HAPLOTYPES
TLDR
Development time was longer for psyllids reared on nightshade than potato, and the duration of the pre-oviposition period, egg incubation requirements, nymphal development time, and total developmental time was higher on bittersweet nightshades than potato.
Zebra Chip Disease, Candidatus Liberibacter, and Potato Psyllid: A Global Threat to the Potato Industry
TLDR
All commercial potato cultivars are susceptible to ZC, thus management tactics targeted against the potato psyllid are currently the only means to effectively manage the disease.
Characterization and Epidemiological Significance of Potato Plants Grown from Seed Tubers Affected by Zebra Chip Disease.
TLDR
In areas where ZC is currently established, plants produced by ZCST do not significantly contribute to ZC incidence and spread within potato fields, and it is concluded that the role of tuberborne ZC in the epidemiology of this disease is unclear.
Phenology of the Potato Psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli (Hemiptera: Triozidae), and “Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum” in Commercial Potato Fields in Idaho
TLDR
Understanding of the seasonal phenology of potato psyllids and Lso in Idaho potato fields and will aid in developing integrated management strategies against this important pest of potato are clarified.
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