Advances in the diagnosis and management of diabetic distal symmetric polyneuropathy
- Jacek Kasznicki
- Archives of medical science : AMS
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the genes for mitochondrial (SOD2) and extracellular (SOD3) superoxide dismutases were tested for association with diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) in diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1. Patients (n = 180) were divided into two groups with nonoverlapping (polar) phenotypes. Group DPN+ included 86 individuals with DPN and DM type 1 record of no more than 5 years. Group DPN-included 94 patients with DM type 1 record of more than 10 years but without clinical signs of DPN. Fisher's exact test revealed significant differences in allele and genotype frequencies for the two groups. Higher frequencies of SOD2 allele Val and genotype Val/Val and of SOD3 allele Arg and genotype Arg/Arg were established for group DPN+. On this evidence, SOD2 and SOD3 were associated with DPN in DM type 1.