Association of personality disorders with Type A and Type B alcoholics

  title={Association of personality disorders with Type A and Type B alcoholics},
  author={Miriam Bottlender and Ulrich W. Preuss and Michael Soyka},
  journal={European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience},
AbstractPersonality disorders frequently occur as comorbid disorder in alcohol–dependent subjects. Antisocial personality was described as an important characteristic in Cloninger's Type 2 and Babor's Type B subjects. The impact of other personality disorders on these alcoholism typologies, their pathogenesis and prognosis is, however, still unclear. The present study investigated the prevalence of personality disorders in 237 (194 males) detoxified alcohol–dependent patients after subtyping… 

Comorbidity of personality disorders with alcohol abuse.

Renewed efforts provided evidence for the importance of impulsivity/ disinhibition and neuroticism/negative affectivity in the development of alcohol dependence; the role of other personality traits such as extraversion/sociability is still unclear.

Personality Disorders in Alcohol-Dependent Individuals: Relationship with Alcohol Dependence Severity

Univariate and multivariate analyses indicate that different PDs are related to age at first dinking and alcoholism severity, and the majority of alcohol-dependent individuals had one or more comorbid axis II disorders.

Personality disorders among patients accessing alcohol detoxification treatment: prevalence and gender differences.

Personality Disorders among Danish Alcoholics Attending Outpatient Treatment

A+PD can be treated as successfully as other patients in an outpatient alcohol clinic can, and the significance of co-morbid PD for the prognosis of alcohol abusers may be overestimated.

Two types of classification in female alcoholism

The hypothesis that the type I and II classification of alcoholism in male alcoholics is also valid in women was tested and a type II of female alcohol-dependent patient was identified, characterized by parental alcoholism and paternal and patient’s tendency for violent behavior.

Borderline personality disorder and substance use disorders: an updated review

An updated review of the literature on the co-occurrence between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and substance use disorders (SUDs) from 70 studies published from 2000 to 2017 is provided.

New onsets of substance use disorders in borderline personality disorder over 7 years of follow-ups: findings from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study.

BPD patients have a high vulnerability for new onsets of SUDs even when their psychopathology improves, indicating some shared etiological factors between BPD and SUD and underscore the clinical significance of treating SUD when it co-occurs in BPD patients.

Personality Traits and Interpersonal Functioning in Substance Abuse Therapists with and without Personal Recovery Status

The study ascertained whether there are differences in the personality traits or interpersonal functioning of therapists with personal recovery of substance abuse and other therapists. Moreover, an

Personality Disorders and Work

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) divides ­psychiatric disorders into two categories, Axis I and Axis II disorders (American Psychiatric Association 2000). Axis I



Axis I and axis II comorbidity in alcohol dependence and the two types of alcoholism.

The entire spectrum of personality pathology should be assessed in the comorbidity research of alcoholism, as there is a lack of studies covering the whole spectrum of DSM Axes I and II disorders.

Prevalence of Personality Disorders among Alcoholics and Drug Addicts: An Overview

Personality disorders (PDs) are considered to be potential predictors of outcome and potential matching variables. In this report the authors review the available epidemiological studies regarding

Chronological Relationship between Antisocial Personality Disorder and Alcohol Dependence

Results indicate that the onset of ASPD characteristics precede that of alcohol dependence by some 4 years, which suggests that in patients with ASPD, alcohol dependence might be a secondary syndrome as suggested by previous research.

Personality disorders according to DSM-III-R and thrombocyte monoamine oxidase activity in type 1 and type 2 alcoholics.

Investigation of the relation between personality disorders, according to DSM-III-R, platelet MAO activity and Type 1/Type 2 alcoholism found patients with Type 2 alcoholism had significantly higher frequencies of self-defeating, schizotypal, antisocial and borderline personality disorders than Type 1 alcoholics.

Axis II comorbidity in substance abusers.

Because of the marked differences between the substance abusers with and without personality disorders, a uniform approach to substance abuse treatment may be inadequate.

Types of alcoholics, I. Evidence for an empirically derived typology based on indicators of vulnerability and severity.

An empirical clustering technique was applied to data obtained from 321 male and female alcoholics to identify homogeneous subtypes having discriminative and predictive validity and suggest that an empirically derived, multivariate typology of alcoholism has theoretical implications for explaining the heterogeneity among alcoholics and may provide a useful basis for predicting course and estimating treatment response.

Platelet MAO activity as a biological marker in subgroups of alcoholism

The two types of alcoholism were clinically clearly identifiable and separable by means of the biological marker platelet MAO activity, and seems to be of value in future studies concerning the etiology, epidemiology and treatment of alcoholism.

Patterns of Comorbidity among DSM-III-R Personality Disorders

Results support the concept of ‘apparent comorbidity’ for most PDs, deriving from conceptual and definitional artifacts or from a ‘state-biasing effect’, and suggest a categorical approach to PDs appears useless in psychiatric practice.