Association of dietary restraint and disinhibition with eating behavior, body mass, and hunger

  title={Association of dietary restraint and disinhibition with eating behavior, body mass, and hunger},
  author={Cheryl F. Smith and Paula J. Geiselman and Donald A. Williamson and Catherine M. Champagne and George A Bray and Donna H. Ryan},
  journal={Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity},
This study investigated the association of dietary restraint and disinhibition with self-reported and actual eating behavior, body mass, and hunger. A sample of 124 women were categorized into one of four groups based upon high and low scores on measures of Dietary Restraint and Disinhibition using the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire. Half of the participants in each group consumed a high sugar/high fat chocolate pudding as a dietary preload. All participants were given a meal comprised of a… 

Behavioral and Biological Associations of Dietary Restraint: A Review of the Literature

The behavioral and biological associations of dietary restraint are reviewed to create biological and psychological feelings of deprivation that lead to greater reactivity to food cues, cravings, counterregulation, disinhibition, periodic overeating, and weight gain.

A Scenario-Based Dieting Self-Efficacy Scale

The DIET-SE represents a short, reliable, and valid scenario-based measure of dieting self-efficacy, as well as measures of eating disinhibition, susceptibility to hunger, and weight loss competency.

Dietary Intake Estimations and Anthropometric Measurements in Healthy Young Adult Women with Differing Eating Characteristics

Investigation of differences in dietary intake variables and anthropometric measurements in healthy young adult women of healthy body mass index (BMI) with high and low scores of cognitive eating restraint, disinhibition, and hunger found women with high CER scores consumed more fruits per day and had higher body weight, BMI, fat mass, and body fat percentage.

Validity and reliability of the Dietary Rules Inventory (DRI)

The findings suggest that the DRI is a valid self-report questionnaire that may provide important clinical information regarding the dietary rules underlying dietary restraint in patients with eating disorders.

Eating behavior and obesity in bipolar disorder

The results suggest that disinhibition and perception of hunger may be linked to the disproportionately high rate of obesity in bipolar disorder.



The association of body weight, dietary intake, and energy expenditure with dietary restraint and disinhibition.

Dietary Restraint was not associated with significant adverse effects upon physical or psychological health, but High Disinhibition, however, was associated with adiposity and significant disturbances of eating.

Cognitive Control of Eating Behavior and the Disinhibition Effect

The results show that the behavioural disinhibition effect occurs only in subjects with simultaneous high scores on both subscales of the TFEQ-disinhibition scale, and that high susceptibility to eating problems may be caused by rigid control of eating behaviour, whereas flexible control of Eating Behaviour Questionnaire may be a less problematic strategy of long-term weight control.

A comparison of the validity of three scales for the assessment of dietary restraint.

A factor analysis showed that the three restraint scales measure different components of the restraint construct, and a high score on the RS was closely related to consequences of mostly unsuccessful dieting, but not to successful overall caloric restriction in everyday life.

Association of Body Mass with Dietary Restraint and Disinhibition

It is suggested that dieting may moderate the increased body mass associated with overeating and Psychological and eating problems associated with dietary restraint were found to be of less significance than those associated with disinhibition.

The effects of dieting on eating behavior: a three-factor model.

  • M. Lowe
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1993
It is argued that the eating behavior exhibited by restrained eaters stems from their frequent dieting and overeating in the past rather than from their current state of dietary or cognitive restraint.

Anxiety, restraint, and eating behavior.

The results indicated that although some individuals may eat more when anxious, there is little empirical support for the notion that eating serves to reduce anxiety, and the psychosomatic hypothesis of obesity had failed to find confirmation.

The Eating Attitudes Test: an index of the symptoms of anorexia nervosa

The EAT was validated using 2 groups of female anorexia nervosa patients and female control subjects and total EAT score was significantly correlated with criterion group membership, suggesting a high level of concurrent validity.

Restrained and unrestrained eating.

Nisbett's model of obesity implies that individual differences in relative deprivation within obese and normal weight groups should produce corresponding within-group differences in eating behavior, but consideration was given to the concept of "restraint" as an important behavioral mechanism affecting the expression of physiologically-based hungar.